System Approved to Remove Germs From Blood Platelets
System Approved to Remove Germs From Blood Platelets FRIDAY, Dec. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new system designed to remove viruses, bacteria and other germs from donated blood platelets was approved Friday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Earlier in the week, the agency approved a similar system to remove germs from donated blood plasma. Platelets are disc-shaped components of blood that assist in clotting. The Intercept System can filter platelets of AIDS-causing HIV, hepatitis B and C, an...
Study Supports Benefit of Widely Used Glaucoma Drug
Study Supports Benefit of Widely Used Glaucoma Drug THURSDAY, Dec. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Prostaglandin analogue eye drops -- a common form of glaucoma drug -- significantly reduce the risk of vision loss in patients with the eye disease, a new study finds. British researchers led by David Garway-Heath, of the Moorfields Eye Hospital and UCL Institute of Ophthalmology in London, tracked outcomes for more than 500 people newly diagnosed with open-angle glaucoma -- the most common form of the diseas...
Some Blood Types Might Raise Type 2 Diabetes Risk: Study
Some Blood Types Might Raise Type 2 Diabetes Risk: Study THURSDAY, Dec. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- In what scientists say is a first, a new analysis suggests that some blood types place women at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. How much higher? According to a team of French researchers, women with blood type B positive appear to face a 35 percent greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes than women with blood type O negative. However, experts questioned the value of the findings when so...
Scratch From Pet Rat Kills Child; CDC Warns of Risk
Scratch From Pet Rat Kills Child; CDC Warns of Risk THURSDAY, Dec. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The tragic death from "rat-bite fever" of a 10-year-old San Diego boy highlights the risk carried by the pet rodents, according to a report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Rat-bite fever is a rare but potentially fatal illness that should be considered in persons with rash, fever and joint pain, and when a history of rodent exposure is reported," said a team led by Dr. Jessica Adam ...
Severe Hot Flashes During Menopause May Raise Hip Fracture Risk Later: Study
Severe Hot Flashes During Menopause May Raise Hip Fracture Risk Later: Study THURSDAY, Dec. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new study suggests a possible link between certain menopause symptoms -- moderate to severe hot flashes and night sweats -- and higher rates of hip fractures and weaker bones. Hot flashes are common during menopause, affecting about 60 percent of women. The hormonal changes during menopause also affect women after menopause, since they then face a higher risk of weakened bones and o...
Sensitive Parenting May Boost Kids' Social Skills, School Performance
Sensitive Parenting May Boost Kids' Social Skills, School Performance THURSDAY, Dec. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The type of parenting children receive at an early age may have a long-term effect on their social skills and school success, a new study indicates. The study included 243 people from poor families in Minnesota who were followed from birth until age 32. Those who received more sensitive parenting early in life had better social skills -- including romantic and peer relationships -- and highe...
Smog Exposure During Pregnancy Linked to Autism Risk
Smog Exposure During Pregnancy Linked to Autism Risk THURSDAY, Dec. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Children born to moms who were exposed to high levels of air pollution late in pregnancy may have an increased risk of developing autism, a U.S. study suggests. Researchers found that of nearly 1,800 U.S. women who gave birth between 1990 and 2002, those exposed to the most air pollution during pregnancy were twice as likely to have a baby who later developed autism. And exposure during the third trimester, ...
Seniors Still Given Potentially Dangerous Sedatives: Study
Seniors Still Given Potentially Dangerous Sedatives: Study WEDNESDAY, Dec. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors continue to prescribe sedatives such as Xanax or Valium for seniors despite the significant risks they pose, a new study contends. The drugs in question are a class of medications called benzodiazepines. This class includes drugs such as Xanax, Valium and Ativan. As people get older, these drugs are known to put seniors at risk for confusion and falls. Yet, the researchers found that older fol...
Stent Treatment May Lower Stroke Disability
Stent Treatment May Lower Stroke Disability WEDNESDAY, Dec. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Using a stent to capture and remove a stroke-causing blood clot is safe and improves recovery, Dutch researchers report. About one-third of patients who had the procedure -- called intraarterial treatment -- recovered from their stroke with only slight disability and were able to care for themselves, compared with just 19 percent of patients given regular care, the researchers found. "We knew already that we can ope...
Screening Test Finds Drugs That Show Promise Against Ebola
Screening Test Finds Drugs That Show Promise Against Ebola WEDNESDAY, Dec. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A screening test has identified more than 50 drugs that could be helpful in treating people with Ebola, researchers report. The drugs, which are already approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, all showed promise in preventing the Ebola virus from entering human cells, where it can cause life-threatening infections. "These drugs are all approved, so they could be deployed quickly if follow-u...
Syphilis on the Rise Among Gay, Bisexual Men: CDC
Syphilis on the Rise Among Gay, Bisexual Men: CDC TUESDAY, Dec. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The number of cases of syphilis in the United States jumped 10 percent from 2012 to 2013, with gay and bisexual men accounting for 75 percent of the increase, U.S health officials reported Tuesday. Rates of another sexually transmitted disease -- chlamydia -- fell for the first time in 30 years, with more than 1.4 million reported cases in 2013. This represented a 1.5 percent decrease from 2012, according to the...
Study Shows Why Expert Pilots Are Experts
Study Shows Why Expert Pilots Are Experts SUNDAY, Dec. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Expert pilots process visual information more efficiently than less experienced pilots, which explains why they make better decisions during landings, a new study shows. Landing is one of the most difficult techniques for pilots to master, and 36 percent of all airplane crashes and 25 percent of fatal crashes occur during final approach and landing. Researchers monitored the brain activity of eight expert pilots and 12 m...
Smoking May Make It Tougher to Quit Problem Drinking: Study
Smoking May Make It Tougher to Quit Problem Drinking: Study FRIDAY, Dec. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking might hamper treatment for alcohol abuse, a new study indicates. "The data suggest that smoking is associated with difficulties in alcohol treatment. Tobacco smokers had shorter treatment durations and were less likely to have achieved their alcohol-related goals at discharge relative to their nonsmoking counterparts," study leader Kimberly Walitzer, deputy director and senior research scientist...
Screening Test Approved for Viruses That Cause Blood Cancer
Screening Test Approved for Viruses That Cause Blood Cancer THURSDAY, Dec. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new screening test to detect Human T-Cell Lymphotropic viruses that cause a rare blood cancer has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The viruses, abbreviated HTLV-I/II, cause diseases such as adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (blood cancer) and myelopathy (inflammation of spinal cord nerves) , the FDA said in a news release. HTLV can be transmitted via breastfeeding, unprotected se...
Scientists Find Gene They Say Affects Flu Shot Response
Scientists Find Gene They Say Affects Flu Shot Response THURSDAY, Dec. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say they've pinpointed a gene that affects how much protection the flu vaccine gives a person. They analyzed blood samples from more than 200 people who'd had organ transplants. The researchers found that versions of a gene called IL-28B influenced the strength of the immune response trigged by the flu vaccine. Each person has two copies of this gene. The T version of the gene is more common, ...
Sleep Apnea May Raise Risk for Dementia
Sleep Apnea May Raise Risk for Dementia WEDNESDAY, Dec. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Older men who have breathing difficulties or spend less time in deep sleep may be at greater risk of brain changes that can precede dementia, a new study suggests. Experts said the findings don't prove that breathing disorders, including sleep apnea, lead to dementia. But they add to evidence that poor sleep may play a role in some older adults' mental decline. Past studies have suggested that people with certain sleep ...
Some NFL Players Use Unproven Stem Cell Therapies: Report
Some NFL Players Use Unproven Stem Cell Therapies: Report MONDAY, Dec. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Some professional football players are seeking unproven stem cell therapies to speed their recovery from injuries. But experts are concerned that they may be unaware of the potential risks, a new report shows. Stem cell therapy has attracted the attention of elite athletes. A number of National Football League (NFL) players have highlighted their use of those therapies and their successful recoveries. Twel...
Summer Jobs Help Keep Kids Out of Trouble, Study Suggests
Summer Jobs Help Keep Kids Out of Trouble, Study Suggests FRIDAY, Dec. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Teens who get a summer job are much less likely to commit violent crime, a new study has found. What's more, the teens are also more apt to stay out of trouble many months after the work season has ended, according to the researchers. Researchers found that 25 hours of minimum-wage employment each week during summer break decreased violence among Chicago teens by 43 percent over the course of 16 months, ac...
Study Casts Doubt on Low-Dose Aspirin for Women Under 65
Study Casts Doubt on Low-Dose Aspirin for Women Under 65 THURSDAY, Dec. 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Although low-dose aspirin may curb the risks of heart disease and colon cancer, the downsides appear to outweigh the benefits for many women, a new large study suggests. For women younger than 65, researchers found taking low-dose aspirin for years lowered the risks of heart attack, stroke and colon cancer by a small amount. But they also found that the benefit was countered by an increase in the risk of ...
Smoking Might Cost Men Their 'Y' Chromosome, Study Finds
Smoking Might Cost Men Their 'Y' Chromosome, Study Finds THURSDAY, Dec. 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Men who smoke may see more of their Y chromosomes disappear as they age, a new study suggests. Scientists have long known that as men grow older, the Y chromosome can start to disappear from some of their body cells. And that was initially thought to be a normal part of aging. But recent research has suggested that "loss of Y" might not be so benign. In a study reported earlier this year, researchers link...
Study Finds Need for Improved Schizophrenia Care
Study Finds Need for Improved Schizophrenia Care THURSDAY, Dec. 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Improper drug treatment is given to nearly 40 percent of people who suffer their first episode of schizophrenia, according to a new study. Because schizophrenia is typically a chronic illness, early treatment can have an effect on a patient's long-term outcome, the researchers noted. Inappropriate drug treatment can lead to problems that cause patients to stop taking their medication. The study included 404 peopl...
Scientists May Have Spotted Genetic Cause of 'Gigantism'
Scientists May Have Spotted Genetic Cause of 'Gigantism' WEDNESDAY, Dec. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say they've honed in on the possible genetic cause of a rare condition called gigantism that causes excessive growth in children. "Gigantism is a disease in childhood that characterized by excessive growth, resulting from an excess of growth hormone production" by the pituitary gland, explained Dr. Patricia Vuguin, a pediatric endocrinologist at Cohen Children's Medical Center in New Hyde Par...
Study Links Running to Lower Alzheimer's Death Risk
Study Links Running to Lower Alzheimer's Death Risk WEDNESDAY, Dec. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Running more than 15 miles a week may reduce the risk of dying from Alzheimer's disease, new research suggests. Walking can help, too, if the amount of energy expended is equivalent to running more than 15 miles weekly, the study found. "Exercise seems to prevent the shrinkage [in the brain] that occurs with age," said study researcher Paul Williams, a staff scientist at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory in Berkel...
Sleep Apnea May Lower Your Aerobic Fitness
Sleep Apnea May Lower Your Aerobic Fitness WEDNESDAY, Dec. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People with sleep apnea may have lower levels of aerobic fitness, a new study suggests. Sleep apnea causes the upper airway to become blocked by soft tissue in the back of the throat during sleep. This causes pauses in breathing and other symptoms, such as gasping and snoring. The research included 15 adults with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea and a comparison group of 19 adults with mild or no apnea. They...
Stand-Up Advice for Preventing Back Pain
Stand-Up Advice for Preventing Back Pain SUNDAY, Nov. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Age-related wear and tear of the spine is a common cause of back pain, but there are things you can do to reduce your risk of back injury and discomfort, an expert says. "Many people with lower backaches say symptoms disrupt their daily routines; however, everyday habits may be the factors causing the pain," said Dr. Michael Gleiber, an orthopedic spine surgeon and American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons spokesman. "It's...
Statins Won't Help Protect Bones, Study Finds
Statins Won't Help Protect Bones, Study Finds MONDAY, Dec. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The cholesterol-lowering drugs known as statins have been touted by some as capable of reducing the risk for broken bones. But, it appears that's not the case, a new study finds. In the study, almost 18,000 older adults were selected to take either the statin Crestor (rosuvastatin) or an inactive placebo. Of the 431 fractures during the study, 221 were among those taking Crestor and 210 were among people taking the pl...
Study Questions Safety of Adrenaline Shots for Cardiac Arrest
Study Questions Safety of Adrenaline Shots for Cardiac Arrest MONDAY, Dec. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A shot of adrenaline can jumpstart a heart that's stopped beating and save a life -- think of Uma Thurman in "Pulp Fiction," near death from overdose and rescued by a hypodermic needle to the chest. But adrenaline might also harm those it helps, says a new study from France. Four out of five people who receive adrenaline to restart their heart end up suffering significant damage to brain function, the ...
Scooters Leading Cause of Toy-Linked Injuries in Kids
Scooters Leading Cause of Toy-Linked Injuries in Kids MONDAY, Dec. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Here's a sobering statistic to ponder before buying holiday gifts for your kids: A new study shows that a child with a toy-related injury is treated in a U.S. emergency department every 3 minutes. Much of that increase was due to one type of toy: foot-powered scooters. The researchers found that about 3.3 million children with toy-related injuries were treated in ERs between 1990 and 2011, and the toy-related ...
Some People May Be Pre-Wired to Be Bilingual
Some People May Be Pre-Wired to Be Bilingual WEDNESDAY, Nov. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Some people's brains seem pre-wired to acquire a second language, new research suggests. But anyone who tries to move beyond their mother tongue will likely gain a brain boost, the small study finds. The brain "becomes more connected and integrated after learning," said study co-author Ping Li, co-director of the Center for Brain, Behavior and Cognition at Pennsylvania State University. But it's even more interesti...
Steer Clear of Cold Meds for Babies, FDA Advises
Steer Clear of Cold Meds for Babies, FDA Advises WEDNESDAY, Nov. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Most babies and young children don't need medicines if they have a cold, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. Over-the-counter (OTC) cold and cough medicine should not be given to children younger than 2 because they could cause serious and potentially deadly side effects, the agency warned. American adults average about three colds a year, but children get them more often. When children get a cold, pare...
Spotting Hearing Problems in Infancy May Boost Reading Skills in Deaf Teens
Spotting Hearing Problems in Infancy May Boost Reading Skills in Deaf Teens WEDNESDAY, Nov. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Deaf teens have stronger language and reading skills if their hearing problems were detected at an early age, a new study suggests. Researchers looked at a group of deaf children in England who were diagnosed with permanent hearing loss through an infant screening program conducted in the 1990s. A follow-up of the children at age 8 found that those who were screened by the time they w...
Study Uncovers Vultures' Gastronomical Secrets
Study Uncovers Vultures' Gastronomical Secrets TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Vultures have developed highly specialized ways of dealing with the toxic bacteria they ingest when eating dead animals, researchers report. The new research investigated the different types of bacteria found on the faces and in the guts of 50 turkey vultures and black vultures in the United States. On average, the faces of the vultures had more than 500 different types of microorganisms, compared with 76 in their ...
Sickle Cell Anemia Treatment So Successful in Kids That Trial Is Halted
Sickle Cell Anemia Treatment So Successful in Kids That Trial Is Halted FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A clinical trial of hydroxyurea therapy for children with sickle cell anemia has been halted a year early because the results show it is a safe and effective way to manage the disease and reduce the risk of stroke. The announcement about the research, which was conducted at 25 medical centers in the United States and Canada, was made this week by the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Inst...
Special Ambulance Delivers Vital Stroke Care More Quickly
Special Ambulance Delivers Vital Stroke Care More Quickly FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Stroke outcomes are better when patients are treated in an ambulance by a neurologist equipped with a CT scanner and clot-busting drugs, German researchers report. The sooner patients get the clot dissolver -- tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) -- the better the outcome after a stroke, the researchers noted. For the best outcome, the drug needs to be given within the first hour after stroke symptoms start...
Senior-to-Senior Aggression Common in U.S. Nursing Homes
Senior-to-Senior Aggression Common in U.S. Nursing Homes FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Elderly adults who live in nursing homes may commonly deal with aggressive or inappropriate behavior from fellow residents, a new study suggests. The study of 10 centers in New York state found that, in the space of just one month, nearly 20 percent of residents were involved in some type of incident with a fellow resident. Most often, it was a verbal clash, with someone yelling or cursing at another resid...
Study Supports Giving Kidney Donors Priority When They Need a Kidney
Study Supports Giving Kidney Donors Priority When They Need a Kidney THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Kidney donation is one of the most selfless acts one person can do for another. And now a new study finds that former donors who find they need a kidney later in life are benefiting from policies that give them priority on the transplant waiting list. Living donors provided organs for almost 6,300 of the 16,900 kidney transplants that took place in the United States in 2010, according to back...
Study Finds No Added Benefit From Routine Heart Scans for Diabetics
Study Finds No Added Benefit From Routine Heart Scans for Diabetics TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Routine screening for heart disease isn't effective for people with diabetes who have no symptoms but are at high risk for a heart attack, according to a new study. Researchers found the screenings do not help prevent heart attacks or help patients avoid being admitted to the hospital for unstable angina (chest pain that occurs when the heart doesn't receive enough oxygen-carrying blood). Prope...
Secondhand Pot Smoke Can Give Your Heart an Unwelcome Buzz
Secondhand Pot Smoke Can Give Your Heart an Unwelcome Buzz SUNDAY, Nov. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- That whiff of pot that drifts your way at a rock concert or outdoor event could damage your heart and blood vessels as much as secondhand cigarette smoke does, preliminary research suggests. Blood vessel function in laboratory rats dropped by 70 percent after a half-hour of exposure to secondhand marijuana smoke -- similar to results found with secondhand tobacco smoke, researchers from the University of...
Study Ties Teen Smoking to Risk of Severe Menstrual Cramps
Study Ties Teen Smoking to Risk of Severe Menstrual Cramps MONDAY, Nov. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Women who started smoking at a young age may be at increased risk for chronic, severe menstrual pain, a new study suggests. About 29 percent of women experience severe menstrual pain. While smoking has been suspected as a risk factor for severe menstrual pain, the evidence has been inconclusive, the authors of the new study said. The researchers analyzed data from 9,000 women taking part in a long-term s...
Some Painkillers Tied to Bleeding Risk in Those With Abnormal Heartbeat
Some Painkillers Tied to Bleeding Risk in Those With Abnormal Heartbeat MONDAY, Nov. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People with the abnormal heartbeat known as atrial fibrillation who take common painkillers might significantly increase their risk for bleeding and blood clots, according to a new study. That risk was even higher among patients who took a blood thinner along with one of these nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory painkiller drugs (NSAIDs), which include aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin), naproxen (Aleve...
Safe, Successful Kidney Dialysis Possible in Ebola Patients
Safe, Successful Kidney Dialysis Possible in Ebola Patients FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. doctors say they now have a protocol for safely and effectively providing dialysis to Ebola patients who have kidney failure. Doctors at Emory University in Atlanta described the first successful dialysis of an Ebola patient -- a patient who not only survived the infection, but recovered normal kidney function. Just as important, experts said, none of the health care workers involved in that patien...
Sleep Apnea Linked to Kidney Disease Progression in Diabetics
Sleep Apnea Linked to Kidney Disease Progression in Diabetics FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Kidney disease may progress faster for diabetics who have kidney disease and also suffer from sleep apnea, according to a new study. Screening for the sleep disorder, the researchers said, could help identify those at risk for accelerated loss of kidney function. Obstructive sleep apnea is common among people with type 2 diabetes, according to the researchers. The disorder causes the upper airway to b...
Smokers in Cars Pose Risk to Passengers: Study
Smokers in Cars Pose Risk to Passengers: Study FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- New research suggests that non-smoking people who sit in cars with smokers inhale some of the same cancer-causing substances and other toxins. But, it's not clear what this means for the health of non-smokers, the researchers said. This "is the first study to measure exposure to these particular chemicals in people exposed to secondhand smoke," study senior investigator Dr. Neal Benowitz, professor of medicine and b...
Scientists Find Signs of Toxic Flame Retardants in Americans
Scientists Find Signs of Toxic Flame Retardants in Americans WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists report that they found evidence of six kinds of toxic flame retardants in Americans. The researchers tested urine samples from California residents and found detectable levels of a rarely studied group of flame retardants known as phosphates, and one -- tris-(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP) -- has never been seen in Americans before. TCEP, a known carcinogen that can also damage people's ...
Study Shows Men Can Get Oral HPV Infection From Women
Study Shows Men Can Get Oral HPV Infection From Women WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Men are at increased risk for oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection if their female sex partners have oral and/or genital HPV infections, a new study shows. The findings suggest that HPV transmission occurs through both oral-oral and oral-genital routes, according to the authors of the study. "HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the world and is a risk factor for several cancers, inc...
Skin Cancer Costs Soar Compared to Other Malignancies: CDC
Skin Cancer Costs Soar Compared to Other Malignancies: CDC MONDAY, Nov. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The cost of skin cancer treatment in the United States more than doubled between 2002 and 2011, and rose five times faster than treatments for other cancers, a new study found. "The findings raise the alarm that not only is skin cancer a growing problem in the United States, but the costs for treating it are skyrocketing relative to other cancers," said study lead author Gery Guy, of the division of canc...
Study Builds Case for Later High School Starting Time
Study Builds Case for Later High School Starting Time FRIDAY, Nov. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Teens go to sleep much later than younger children, according to a study that lends support to later start times in high schools. Researchers followed 94 children and teens for two years, to learn how their sleep habits changed as they grew older. A typical 9-year-old went to sleep at 9:30 p.m. and woke up at 6:40 a.m. during the school week. By age 11, the same child would go to sleep at 10 p.m. and wake up a...
Schools With EpiPens Save Lives, Study Says
Schools With EpiPens Save Lives, Study Says FRIDAY, Nov. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Keeping supplies of epinephrine in schools saves lives, a new study finds. Epinephrine injections are given when someone suffers a life-threatening allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to food or an insect sting. This study found that stocked emergency epinephrine was used on 35 children and three adults who suffered anaphylaxis in Chicago Public Schools during the 2012-13 school year. The drug was administered by a school n...
School Lunches More Nutritious Than Home-Packed Lunches: Study
School Lunches More Nutritious Than Home-Packed Lunches: Study FRIDAY, Nov. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Lunches packed at home are generally not as nutritious as school lunches, a new study shows. Researchers compared more than 750 school meals with more than 560 packed meals given to pre-K and kindergarten students in three schools, analyzing them for nutritional value over five days. "We found that packed lunches were of less nutritional quality than school lunches," said lead researcher Alisha Farris...
Study Points to Causes Behind Age-Linked Memory Loss
Study Points to Causes Behind Age-Linked Memory Loss MONDAY, Nov. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- One possible reason for memory decline in older age may be that brain networks become less able to maintain their separate functions, a new study suggests. The findings suggest the brain has a harder time with memory when its separate parts work closer together. "Too little segregation seems to be a bad thing," said study co-author Gagan Wig, of the School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences at University of Texas...
Spinal Surgery Varies by Region in U.S.: Study
Spinal Surgery Varies by Region in U.S.: Study FRIDAY, Oct. 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Surgery for low back pain caused by spinal stenosis varies depending on where in the United States you live, a new report says. "Nearly 80 percent of Americans will experience low back pain at some point in their lives, and about 30 million people a year receive professional medical care for a spine problem," co-author Brook Martin, of the Dartmouth Institute of Health Policy & Clinical Practice, said in a colle...
Sleep Apnea May Steal Some of Your Memory: Study
Sleep Apnea May Steal Some of Your Memory: Study FRIDAY, Oct. 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep apnea may make it hard for you to remember simple things, such as where you parked your car or left your house keys, a small study suggests. Tests on 18 people with severe sleep apnea showed that this ability -- called spatial memory -- was impaired when sleep apnea disrupted rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, even when other stages of sleep weren't affected. REM sleep is the deepest level of sleep, during whic...
Study Shows How Toddlers Adjust to Adult Anger
Study Shows How Toddlers Adjust to Adult Anger FRIDAY, Oct. 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Toddlers can both sense adult anger and alter their behavior in response to it, new research reveals. "Babies are like sponges," said study co-author Andrew Meltzoff, co-director of the University of Washington Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences, in Seattle. "They learn not only from their own direct social experiences but from watching the social interactions between two other people." He said he was most ...
Study Confirms Obesity-Breast Cancer Link for Blacks, Hispanics
Study Confirms Obesity-Breast Cancer Link for Blacks, Hispanics FRIDAY, Oct. 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity increases the risk of certain types of breast cancer in postmenopausal black and Hispanic women, two new U.S. studies show. One study of more than 3,200 Hispanic women found being overweight or obese increased the risk for estrogen receptor-negative and progesterone receptor-positive breast tumors among postmenopausal women. "We've known this for a long time for white women, but now we are s...
Study Compares 2 Common Weight-Loss Surgeries
Study Compares 2 Common Weight-Loss Surgeries THURSDAY, Oct. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A comparison of two of the most common types of weight loss surgery found that laparoscopic gastric bypass helped patients shed more excess pounds than adjustable gastric banding, but carried a higher risk of short-term complications and long-term hospitalizations. Gastric-bypass surgery makes the stomach smaller and reroutes the small intestine, so your body does not absorb all the calories from food you eat, acco...
Scientists Set Their Sights on First Whole-Eye Transplant
Scientists Set Their Sights on First Whole-Eye Transplant THURSDAY, Oct. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- In the world of 21st-century medicine, organ transplantation is nothing new. The first kidney transplant took place in 1950, followed by the first liver transplant in 1963 and the first human heart transplant in 1967. By 2010, doctors had even managed the transplantation of a patient's entire face. One major organ still eludes the transplant surgeon, however: the entire human eye. But if one team of U.S...
Scientists Create Tiny Stomachs From Stem Cells
Scientists Create Tiny Stomachs From Stem Cells WEDNESDAY, Oct. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists who used stem cells to create miniature human stomachs in the laboratory say their breakthrough could provide a new way to learn more about the development and treatment of stomach diseases. The team used human pluripotent stem cells -- which can become any type of cell in the body -- to grow the functional miniature stomachs, to study infection by H. pylori bacteria, a major cause of ulcers and stoma...
Stroke Prevention Guidelines Emphasize Healthy Lifestyle
Stroke Prevention Guidelines Emphasize Healthy Lifestyle WEDNESDAY, Oct. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Want to lower your risk of a first-time stroke? New guidelines from the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association reinforce the idea that a healthy lifestyle is crucial. The new guidelines advise people to exercise, control blood pressure and eat what's known as Mediterranean or DASH-style (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) diets that emphasize fruits, vegetables, whole grains and ...
Sleep Woes Common Among Troubled Young Children, Study Says
Sleep Woes Common Among Troubled Young Children, Study Says TUESDAY, Oct. 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep difficulties, particularly problems falling asleep, are common among toddlers and preschoolers with mental health issues, according to a new study. "Sleep problems in young children frequently co-occur with other behavioral problems, with evidence that inadequate sleep is associated with daytime sleepiness, less optimal preschool adjustment, and problems of irritability, hyperactivity and attenti...
Second Dallas Nurse With Ebola Released From Hospital
Second Dallas Nurse With Ebola Released From Hospital TUESDAY, Oct. 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The second Dallas nurse who became infected with Ebola while caring for a Liberian man -- the first diagnosed case of the disease in the United States -- has recovered and was released Tuesday from the hospital. Amber Vinson, 29, had been undergoing treatment at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta, which has successfully treated several Ebola patients already. "I'm so grateful to be well. First and foremost...
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