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Patient Rights and Responsibilities
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Patient-to-Doctor Spread of Bird Flu Reported in China
Patient-to-Doctor Spread of Bird Flu Reported in China WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Deadly H7N9 bird flu can, in certain situations, be transmitted person-to-person in hospitals, according to a new report from China. Since bird flu first appeared in eastern China in 2013, nearly 700 people have been infected, the study authors said. Almost 300 people have died as of Jan. 10, 2016. Most of the infections and deaths have occurred in China, the authors said. People usually get this flu from...
Prenatal Acetaminophen Use Tied to Higher Asthma Risk in Kids: Study
Prenatal Acetaminophen Use Tied to Higher Asthma Risk in Kids: Study WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women who take the painkiller acetaminophen -- best known under the brand name Tylenol -- may be more likely to have a child with asthma, new research suggests. Although the study wasn't designed to prove cause-and-effect, researchers found that prenatal exposure to the over-the-counter medicine was associated with an increased risk for asthma in children. However, the study authors...
Pregnant Women Benefit From Tamiflu at First Sign of Flu: Study
Pregnant Women Benefit From Tamiflu at First Sign of Flu: Study TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Early treatment with the antiviral drug Tamiflu (oseltamivir) may shorten hospital stays for pregnant women with the flu, especially those who are severely ill, new research suggests. Pregnant women are at increased risk for serious illness, complications and death from the flu, the study authors said. The new study looked at 865 pregnant women in 14 states who were hospitalized with the flu between...
Poor REM Sleep May Be Linked to Higher Risk for Anxiety, Depression
Poor REM Sleep May Be Linked to Higher Risk for Anxiety, Depression MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- REM (rapid eye movement) sleep is the phase when dreams are made, and a lack of good REM sleep has long been associated with chronic insomnia. But new research is building on that association, suggesting that the bad and "restless" REM sleep experienced by insomnia patients may, in turn, undermine their ability to overcome emotional distress, raising their risk for chronic depression or anxiety. ...
PSA Testing Differs Among Primary Care Doctors, Urologists
PSA Testing Differs Among Primary Care Doctors, Urologists MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Urologists are far more likely than primary care doctors to do prostate cancer screenings known as prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing, a new study reports. For the test, a blood sample is taken and sent to a laboratory to check for levels of a protein produced by cells of the prostate gland. PSA testing declined overall after the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force in 2011 recommended against routine...
People May Eat More of a Food That's Labeled 'Healthy'
People May Eat More of a Food That's Labeled 'Healthy' MONDAY, Jan. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Words matter when you're trying to eat right, new research suggests. People tend to overeat when they're consuming food that's been labeled "healthy," undermining their own efforts to improve their diet, the study found. People order larger portions, eat more and feel less full when they're consuming food that's been portrayed as "healthy" in its packaging, according to a report published recently in the Jour...
Pediatricians' Group Says U.S. Lacks Resources to Treat Kids in Disasters
Pediatricians' Group Says U.S. Lacks Resources to Treat Kids in Disasters MONDAY, Jan. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- When a major public health emergency, disaster or act of terrorism occurs, the United States may lack adequate resources to treat children who are affected, according to a new statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics. The medical requirements of children -- for example, drug formulations or dosing -- would often be very different from those needed by adults when or if a chemical, b...
Painkillers Often Gateway to Heroin for U.S. Teens: Survey
Painkillers Often Gateway to Heroin for U.S. Teens: Survey TUESDAY, Dec. 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Three-quarters of U.S. high school students who use heroin first tried narcotic painkillers, a new survey reveals. Survey results from nearly 68,000 high school seniors provide some clues to heroin's recent deadly path from the inner city into affluent suburbs and rural communities. "The more times a teen uses nonprescribed painkiller pills, the greater the risk he or she is at for becoming dependent on...
Prescriptions Continue for Most Who Survive Painkiller ODs: Study
Prescriptions Continue for Most Who Survive Painkiller ODs: Study MONDAY, Dec. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Even as overdoses from narcotic prescription painkiller reach record levels in the United States, a new report finds that most people who survive such events continue to be prescribed the drugs by their doctors. The new study found that this happened in more than 90 percent of cases, and patients who continued on drugs like OxyContin, Vicodin and Percocet after an overdose had twice the odds of ov...
Patients Can Self-Administer IV Antibiotics at Home: Study
Patients Can Self-Administer IV Antibiotics at Home: Study THURSDAY, Dec. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Patients can be taught to safely self-administer long-term intravenous antibiotics at home, without the help of a health care worker, a new study suggests. The finding could have a significant impact on uninsured patients who might otherwise spend weeks in a hospital receiving IV care, according to researchers at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. "This really taps into huma...
Paid Sick Leave Can Be Crucial When Cancer Strikes
Paid Sick Leave Can Be Crucial When Cancer Strikes WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Paid sick leave for cancer patients eases their financial struggles and helps them keep their jobs, a new study shows. "Paid sick leave allows patients to take the time they need for cancer treatment but still keep getting a paycheck," study author Dr. Christine Veenstra, a clinical lecturer in internal medicine at the University of Michigan Medical School, said in a university news release. Veenstra and coll...
Pooches May Give Food to Their Pals, Study Shows
Pooches May Give Food to Their Pals, Study Shows FRIDAY, Dec. 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The tough, "dog eat dog" view of the canine world may be misguided: A new study finds that dogs can freely give food to other pooches, with no expectation of a reward for themselves. But there's a catch: Dogs studied in these experiments typically shared food only with dogs they knew, not with unfamiliar dogs. "Dogs truly behave prosocially toward other dogs. That had never been experimentally demonstrated before,...
Primary Care Docs the Leading Prescribers of Narcotic Painkillers: Study
Primary Care Docs the Leading Prescribers of Narcotic Painkillers: Study MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Americans continue to be plagued by an epidemic of prescription narcotic painkiller abuse, and a new study finds primary care physicians are by far the biggest prescribers of the drugs. Researchers led by Dr. Jonathan Chen, of Stanford University, looked at data from 2013 Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage claims. They focused on prescriptions for narcotic painkillers containing hyd...
Pollution From Coal Burning Most Damaging to Health, Study Finds
Pollution From Coal Burning Most Damaging to Health, Study Finds WEDNESDAY, Dec. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Air pollution particles from the burning of coal are far more dangerous to your health than those from other sources, a new study indicates. Researchers analyzed data gathered from 450,000 people in 100 U.S. cities between 1982 and 2004. The team from NYU Langone Medical Center, in New York City, found that exposure to tiny particles in fossil fuel emissions are associated with an increased risk ...
Planned Cesareans Tied to Slight Increase in Asthma Risk for Kids
Planned Cesareans Tied to Slight Increase in Asthma Risk for Kids TUESDAY, Dec. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Children born by planned cesarean delivery appear to have a slightly higher chance of developing asthma than those born through vaginal delivery, researchers report. The difference in risk was small, with 3.73 percent of those born through planned C-section hospitalized by age 5 for asthma, compared to 3.41 percent of kids who were born through vaginal delivery. And those who had a cesarean delive...
Possible New Weight-Loss Tool: Blocking Stomach Artery
Possible New Weight-Loss Tool: Blocking Stomach Artery TUESDAY, Dec. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A technique already used in the emergency room may have new potential as a minimally invasive treatment for morbid obesity, preliminary findings suggest. The procedure, called gastric artery embolization, is usually employed as a nonsurgical way of stemming blood loss by blocking (embolizing) a principle blood pathway. Doctors inject microscopic beads into the bloodstream. Normal blood flow then carries them...
Progesterone May Not Help Prevent Repeat Miscarriage, Study Finds
Progesterone May Not Help Prevent Repeat Miscarriage, Study Finds WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Taking progesterone supplements in the first trimester of pregnancy may not improve the odds of motherhood for women with a history of miscarriage, a new study finds. Researchers found that among more than 800 women with one or more unexplained miscarriages, those who received the hormone in early pregnancy were no less likely to miscarry than those who received a placebo. The live birth rate w...
Post-Op Bacterial Infection Raises Odds for Complications, Death
Post-Op Bacterial Infection Raises Odds for Complications, Death WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- People recuperating from surgery are much more likely to die or develop complications if they become infected with a dangerous diarrhea-causing bacteria, a new study suggests. Patients at VA hospitals who contracted Clostridium difficile following surgery were five times more likely to die and 12 times more likely to suffer a complication of the heart, lung, kidneys or nervous system, according ...
Probiotics May Not Shield 'Preemies' From Serious Illness, Study Finds
Probiotics May Not Shield 'Preemies' From Serious Illness, Study Finds WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Probiotics don't protect very preterm infants from serious complications, such as a bowel condition called necrotizing enterocolitis, sepsis or death, according to a new study. The findings challenge previous research that suggested potential benefits from probiotics, the British researchers said. Probiotics are good bacteria found in certain foods and supplements. The study included more ...
Portrazza Approved for Advanced Lung Cancer
Portrazza Approved for Advanced Lung Cancer TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Portrazza (necitumumab), in combination with two other chemotherapy drugs, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat advanced squamous non-small cell lung cancer, the agency said Tuesday in a news release. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States. More than 221,000 cases are expected to be diagnosed in the U.S. this year, and more than 158,000 people are projected...
Pricey Hepatitis C Drugs Denied to Almost Half of Medicaid Patients: Study
Pricey Hepatitis C Drugs Denied to Almost Half of Medicaid Patients: Study TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of Medicaid patients with chronic hepatitis C have been denied cutting-edge medications that would most likely cure their condition, due to tight controls that states have placed on coverage of the pricey drugs, a new study shows. About 46 percent of Medicaid patients in four northeastern states were denied treatment with new direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drugs, which have be...
Play it Safe Cooking the Thanksgiving Feast
Play it Safe Cooking the Thanksgiving Feast TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- While cooking your Thanksgiving feast this Thursday, remember that the risk of fire and burns is high during the holiday, an expert says. "Thanksgiving for many means extra people in the kitchen, close proximity to fire and hot surfaces, added stress to cook many dishes on a tight schedule, the manipulation of a large, heavy turkey and the use of sharp knives," Dr. Arthur Sanford, a burn surgeon at Loyola University H...
Private Rooms May Save Money By Cutting Hospital Infection Rates
Private Rooms May Save Money By Cutting Hospital Infection Rates TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Patients in private hospital rooms are less likely to develop infections, which saves hospitals money in the long run, a new study reveals. The findings show that the costs of building private hospital rooms are more than offset by the health care savings of preventing hospital-acquired infections, according to the researchers. "We showed that although single-patient rooms are more costly to build...
Potential Treatment for a Serious Respiratory Infection in Kids
Potential Treatment for a Serious Respiratory Infection in Kids THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental drug shows promise as a treatment for a common and potentially serious illness known as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Currently, there is no treatment or vaccine for RSV, which can be deadly for infants and the elderly. Kids are nine times more likely to die from this virus than from flu, the investigative team pointed out. The drug, dubbed ALS-008176 for now, was tested in a ...
Prostate Cancer Screening, Detection Both Down in U.S., Studies Say
Prostate Cancer Screening, Detection Both Down in U.S., Studies Say TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Fewer U.S. men are being screened for prostate cancer, and fewer cases of the disease are being diagnosed nationwide, according to two studies published Tuesday. The big question, researchers said, is whether that trend is bad news or a step in the right direction. At issue is the prostate-specific antigen, or PSA, test. For years in the United States, men age 50 and older routinely underwent P...
Preventive HIV Treatment Shown Effective at Health Clinics
Preventive HIV Treatment Shown Effective at Health Clinics MONDAY, Nov. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Medications taken to prevent HIV infection in high-risk people appear to work well in "real-life" use, a new study suggests. During a year of taking pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), only two people out of more than 400 high-risk people became infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. And it seems that those who became infected didn't take the medication properly, the study said. The new study found ...
Pediatricians' Group Urges Cuts in Antibiotic Use in Livestock
Pediatricians' Group Urges Cuts in Antibiotic Use in Livestock MONDAY, Nov. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Overuse of antibiotics in farm animals poses a real health risk to children, the American Academy of Pediatrics warns in a new report. This common practice is already contributing to bacterial resistance to medicines and affecting doctors' ability to treat life-threatening infections in kids, according to the paper published online Nov. 16 in the journal Pediatrics . One expert in the field supported...
Parents the Target of Deceptive Food Ads, Study Says
Parents the Target of Deceptive Food Ads, Study Says MONDAY, Nov. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Parents are the target of many misleading television ads for children's foods and drinks, new research indicates. For the study, published online Nov. 9 in the journal Pediatrics , researchers analyzed TV commercials for children's foods and beverages that aired over one year in the United States. Most were for unhealthy products, such as sweetened cereals and sugary drinks, which came as no surprise, the resea...
Personalized 'Pills' From a 3D Printer?
Personalized 'Pills' From a 3D Printer? MONDAY, Nov. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- With 3D printing, the concept of personalized medicine could take on a new dimension, researchers report. Mass-produced drugs can't take into account specific patient characteristics such as race, weight, and kidney and liver functions. Customized medications, on the other hand, might be more effective and less likely to cause side effects, the researchers said. For this study, investigators from Wake Forest University, Col...
Pregnant and Got the Blues? Get More Exercise to Protect Your Health
Pregnant and Got the Blues? Get More Exercise to Protect Your Health FRIDAY, Nov. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- It's a vicious cycle: Pregnant women who are depressed sit a lot, increasing their risk for greater weight gain and diabetes, a new study shows. More than 1,260 pregnant women provided researchers information about their physical activity levels and mental health in their first trimester and the later stages of their second trimester. Women who were depressed were more likely to sit for longer p...
Poll: Americans Want Bold Action to Keep Health Care Costs Down
Poll: Americans Want Bold Action to Keep Health Care Costs Down THURSDAY, Nov. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Most Americans now support aggressive regulation to keep health care costs in check -- including price caps on drugs, medical devices and payments to doctors and hospitals, a new HealthDay/Harris Poll has found. Nearly three of every four Americans (73 percent) want price controls placed on manufacturers of drugs and medical devices, the poll revealed. That's up from 64 percent who favored such con...
Poor Sleep Might Harm Kidneys, Study Suggests
Poor Sleep Might Harm Kidneys, Study Suggests THURSDAY, Nov. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Lack of sleep may be a gateway to kidney disease, at least for women, a new study suggests. Researchers from Boston's Brigham and Women's Hospital evaluated the sleep habits of thousands of women and found too little shuteye was tied to a more rapid decline in kidney function. Women who slept five hours or less a night had a 65 percent greater risk of rapid decline in kidney function, compared with women sleeping se...
People Have Less Faith in Generic Drugs, Study Suggests
People Have Less Faith in Generic Drugs, Study Suggests WEDNESDAY, Nov. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Brand-name drugs may offer more value, but not in the way you'd expect, a new study from New Zealand suggests. The research finds that placebo painkillers labeled with a brand name prompted as much headache relief as tablets containing the painkiller ibuprofen. But placebo pills with generic labels didn't have the same effect, the study revealed. Scientists and physicians have long known about the "placeb...
Prescription Drug Use on the Rise in U.S.
Prescription Drug Use on the Rise in U.S. TUESDAY, Nov. 3, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More Americans than ever are taking prescription drugs and they're using more of them, a new study finds. Fifty-nine percent of adults used prescription drugs in 2011-2012, up from 51 percent in 1999-2000. And 15 percent of them took five or more prescription drugs, an increase from 8 percent in the earlier period, the researchers reported. Cholesterol-lowering drugs (statins), antidepressants and high blood pressure med...
Poor Patients May Be More Likely to Die After Heart Surgery: Study
Poor Patients May Be More Likely to Die After Heart Surgery: Study MONDAY, Oct. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Poor patients may be at higher risk for death after heart surgery, even in a country with universal health care, a new Swedish study finds. Researchers examined outcomes for more than 100,000 patients in Sweden who had heart surgery over 14 years. In Sweden, the entire population has access to the same health care plan, and heart surgeries are performed at a small number of medical centers with s...
Pill for Low Libido in Women Goes on Sale on Saturday
Pill for Low Libido in Women Goes on Sale on Saturday FRIDAY, Oct. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The so-called "little pink pill" -- the controversial drug intended to boost flagging sex drive in women -- goes on sale on Saturday. Flibanserin (Addyi) is the first U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved drug designed to help women with low libido. But that approval, announced in August, came with significant restrictions because the drug can cause severely low blood pressure and loss of consciousness, ...
Positive Outlook May Help Heart Disease Patients Heal
Positive Outlook May Help Heart Disease Patients Heal FRIDAY, Oct. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Heart disease patients with a sunny disposition are more likely to exercise, stick with their medications and take other steps to ward off further heart trouble, a new study suggests. Researchers said the findings add to a large body of evidence linking a positive approach to better heart health. Specifically, the results support the theory that healthier habits are a key reason that positive people tend to h...
Poorer Cancer Patients May Be Less Likely to Join Clinical Trial
Poorer Cancer Patients May Be Less Likely to Join Clinical Trial THURSDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Poor cancer patients are less likely to choose to be in clinical trials of experimental treatments, a new study finds. Researchers followed the treatments of more than 1,200 adult patients in the United States for six months after they had been diagnosed with breast, lung or colorectal cancer. Most patients were younger than 65, female and weren't black. People whose annual household incomes were...
Plight of NFL Player Stricken by MRSA Germ 'Extremely Unusual'
Plight of NFL Player Stricken by MRSA Germ 'Extremely Unusual' TUESDAY, Oct. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Infectious diseases doctors say they're puzzled by a serious MRSA infection that could cost a professional football player his foot. The case of New York Giants tight end Daniel Fells is unusual for several reasons, the experts say. First, because infection rates for the so-called "superbug" are falling in the United States. And second, the 6-foot, 4-inch 260-pound Fells is far from the type of pati...
Prescription Painkiller Abuse Rate Down, But Many Are Addicted: Study
Prescription Painkiller Abuse Rate Down, But Many Are Addicted: Study TUESDAY, Oct. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of American adults who are abusing prescription narcotic painkillers has dipped slightly in the last decade, a new survey reveals. That's the good news. The bad news: Those who do abuse these powerful drugs are doing so more frequently and they are more likely to become addicted. "It is encouraging that the percentage of nonmedical use of opioids [narcotics] decreased," said st...
Psoriasis, Cold Sores Most Stigmatized Skin Disorders: Survey
Psoriasis, Cold Sores Most Stigmatized Skin Disorders: Survey FRIDAY, Oct. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Psoriasis and cold sores top the list of stigmatized skin conditions, a new survey indicates, but experts say much of the ill will directed at sufferers is misguided. Surveying 56 people, Boston researchers found that nearly 61 percent wrongly thought psoriasis -- which produces widespread, scaly red skin lesions -- looked contagious, and about nine in 10 said they would pity a person who had it. About...
Popular Antioxidant Seems to Spread Skin Cancer Cells in Mouse Research
Popular Antioxidant Seems to Spread Skin Cancer Cells in Mouse Research WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A man-made antioxidant appears to accelerate the spread of skin cancer in mice, raising questions about its safety in humans, researchers say. The antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine, is used to relieve mucus production in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), said study senior author Martin Bergo, a professor at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden. It also is used as a ...
PTSD Can Affect Female Vietnam War Vets, Too: Study
PTSD Can Affect Female Vietnam War Vets, Too: Study WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Women who served in Vietnam may be at far greater risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than female military service members who were stationed in the United States during that war, a new study finds. "Because current PTSD is still present in many of these women decades after their military service, clinicians who treat them should continue to screen for PTSD symptoms and be sensitive to their noncom...
Parents Can Take Steps to Help Make Homework Less Stressful
Parents Can Take Steps to Help Make Homework Less Stressful MONDAY, Oct. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Homework may be stressful for kids and parents alike, and it can be especially difficult for children with learning and behavior challenges, experts say. Parents can take steps, however, to make homework less of a burden for the entire family, said education specialist Barbara Resnick, of the Family Institute at Northwestern University in Evanston, Ill. "Establish a routine for homework, and dedicate a s...
Poor, Minorities Spend More Time Waiting for Medical Care
Poor, Minorities Spend More Time Waiting for Medical Care MONDAY, Oct. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- While almost everyone complains about the time it takes to see their doctor, the problem is even worse for minorities and poor people, according to new research. Blacks and Hispanics spend approximately 25 percent more time seeking health care than whites. People also spend more time in a doc's waiting room if they're unemployed, in a low-paying job or never attended college, the study found. Researchers s...
Psoriasis, Depression Often Go Hand in Hand: Study
Psoriasis, Depression Often Go Hand in Hand: Study THURSDAY, Oct. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Regardless of severity, patients with the often disfiguring skin condition psoriasis face an elevated risk for depression, new research suggests. The depression risk may be driven more by concerns about appearance than by the actual status of the skin, said study author Dr. Roger Ho, an assistant professor in the department of dermatology at New York University School of Medicine. "One small area of [psoriasis]...
Preschoolers Can Learn Heart-Healthy Lifestyles
Preschoolers Can Learn Heart-Healthy Lifestyles MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- New research suggests it's never too early to learn healthy eating and exercise habits to reduce the future risk of heart problems. How early? As young as 3 years old, researchers say. "There is a need for a complete change in the timing of when we deliver care," senior study author Dr. Valentin Fuster, a professor of medicine at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, said in a news...
Protein S (Blood)
Protein S (Blood) What is this test? This test measures levels of protein S, a protein in the blood that helps prevent blood clots. Protein S works along with another protein in the blood, called protein C, to help your blood clot normally. If you don't have enough protein S in your blood, you have a condition called a protein S deficiency. This means that your blood may clot too much. Protein S deficiency is usually an inherited condition. You can inherit the abnormal, or mutated, gene that reduces the...
Proinsulin (Blood) Does this test have other names? No. What is this test? This blood test measures proinsulin, a building block for insulin. To turn food into energy, your pancreas makes proinsulin. Proinsulin, in turn, is made into insulin and another protein called C-peptide. Problems making insulin can lead to diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, your pancreas becomes damaged and has trouble making or controlling the amount of insulin in your body. In type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body become...
Preventing MRSA in Athletes
Preventing MRSA in Athletes Drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (staph) infections are a hazard for athletes of all ages. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus , commonly known as MRSA, is a type of bacterial infection resistant to common antibiotics such as penicillin. These staph bacteria most often cause minor skin infections in young athletes, but if untreated, it may invade the bloodstream and become a life-threatening infection. Millions of people see their doctor for MRSA skin infections e...
Preventing Opportunistic Infections in HIV/AIDS
Preventing Opportunistic Infections in HIV/AIDS HIV attacks the cells of your body's immune system. You need a strong immune system to fight off germs like bacteria and viruses, so having HIV may give those germs a better opportunity to make you sick. When germs take advantage of your weakened defense system, they are called opportunistic infections. Opportunistic infections that other people might fight off easily could make you really sick if you have HIV. Getting one or more of these infections could...
Patient-Controlled Analgesia Pumps
Patient-Controlled Analgesia Pumps Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) is a method of pain management that allows you to decide when you will get a dose of pain medicine. In some situations, PCA may be a better way of providing pain relief than calling for someone — typically a nurse — to administer pain medicine. You don't need to wait for a nurse, and you can get smaller doses of pain medicine more often. With this type of pain treatment, a needle attached to an intravenous (IV) line is placed into 1 o...
Palliative Care Methods for Controlling Pain
Palliative Care Methods for Controlling Pain Palliative care is used to manage a disease or medical condition that is serious or life-threatening, primarily by easing pain and other associated physical, emotional, or psychosocial symptoms. Palliative care also eases other distressing symptoms, like depression, anxiety, fatigue, insomnia, and shortness of breath. Palliative care provides advanced care planning and a support system to help you live a life that is as active, fulfilling, and as pain-free as...
Pregnancy and Oral Health
Pregnancy and Oral Health Throughout pregnancy, women may worry about their waistlines and fret about food. You take prenatal vitamins, see your healthcare provider often, get regular exercise, and avoid alcohol and smoking — all in the name of a healthy pregnancy. And, ultimately, a healthy baby. Something you might not associate with a healthy pregnancy is dental care. But regular dental checkups and cleanings, along with brushing and flossing often, are important for a healthy mouth and a healthy pre...
Palliative Care: Bringing Comfort
Palliative Care: Bringing Comfort When people hear the term palliative care , many assume that it's a treatment only for someone who is dying. But palliative care can also be used to bring physical and emotional comfort to anyone with a serious illness. Palliative care can benefit any patient at any age. And any stage of his or her illness. Overview Palliative care focuses on improving a patient’s quality of life by improving the symptoms of his or her illness, like pain, shortness of breath, and diffic...
Pregnancy and Posture
Pregnancy and Posture Why is good posture important in pregnancy? Much of the back pain experienced throughout pregnancy is related to the strain on your back from the weight of your growing baby. Using proper posture can help prevent and even relieve some of the pain. Here are some tips to help you maintain good posture in various positions. What is proper posture during pregnancy? When your body is in alignment — when you use proper posture — you can imagine a straight line running from your ears to y...
Pregnancy and Skin Changes
Pregnancy and Skin Changes For many women, pregnancy brings glowing skin, rosy cheeks, and shiny hair. Others, however, can experience skin changes that aren’t so attractive, including acne, dark spots, and stretch marks. Here are some of the common skin conditions in pregnancy, along with some practical tips on managing those that can be troublesome. Acne Increased blood flow and oil production are the factors behind the radiant pregnancy glow. That radiance sometimes comes with a price, as the increas...
Poliomyelitis Previous generations of Americans had reason to fear poliomyelitis, most often called polio. The disease, which is spread by a virus, can leave people paralyzed. The disease is now rare in the U.S. because of a vaccine against the virus. The only countries where polio continues as an ongoing problem are India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria. Some people do get it while traveling to a region where the disease still occurs. Facts about disease The disease is spread through the feces or m...
Portal Hypertension Portal hypertension is high blood pressure of the portal vein. The portal vein is in your stomach. It collects nutrient-rich blood from your intestines and carries it to the liver. The liver cleans the blood for your body to use. When you have portal hypertension, the increased pressure means it is harder for the blood from the liver to flow through the portal vein to travel back to the heart. This means it has to use smaller veins in the esophagus, stomach, and intestines. The body ...
Pancreas Transplantation Pancreas transplantation is a type of surgery in which you receive a healthy donor pancreas. A pancreas transplant is an option for some people with type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the pancreas stops producing the hormone insulin. The usual treatment for type 1 diabetes involves daily injections of insulin. During a pancreas transplant, you’ll receive a healthy pancreas from a donor who has died. If you have kidney failure from your diabetes, y...
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Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.