Living With a Smoker Like Living in a Polluted City: Study
Living With a Smoker Like Living in a Polluted City: Study TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Nonsmokers who live with smokers are exposed to triple the World Health Organization's recommended safe levels of harmful air particles, a new study warns. That means that air-particle levels in a home with a smoker are similar to that of the air in large, polluted cities, the study found. Living in smoke-free homes could offer major health benefits to nonsmokers, according to the authors of the study p...
Limiting Malpractice Claims May Not Curb Costly Medical Tests
Limiting Malpractice Claims May Not Curb Costly Medical Tests WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Malpractice reform may not keep physicians from ordering unnecessary and expensive tests, a practice known as "defensive medicine," a new study reports. Emergency room physicians in three states that enacted malpractice reform continued to order imaging tests and admit patients for treatment at the same rate, even though the law had been changed to make it more difficult for patients to sue them, a...
Lowly House Fly's Gene Map Causes Buzz
Lowly House Fly's Gene Map Causes Buzz TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new map of the house fly's DNA -- its genome -- could help scientists take a swat at a host of human diseases, experts say. That's because the flies not only transmit human illnesses but are also immune to them, experts said. Learning more about how the house fly's genes make it immune to certain illnesses might help lead to new vaccines or treatments for humans, said a team led by Jeff Scott of Cornell University in Ith...
Lung Cancer May Lie Dormant for 2 Decades
Lung Cancer May Lie Dormant for 2 Decades THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Lung cancer can remain dormant for more than 20 years before suddenly becoming aggressive, a new study says. Researchers analyzed lung cancers from seven patients -- including smokers, former smokers and never smokers -- and found that the initial genetic errors that cause the cancer can go undetected for many years. This dormancy can end when new, additional genetic mistakes occur and trigger rapid cancer growth, the r...
Less Than Half of HIV-Positive U.S. Hispanics Are Getting Proper Care
Less Than Half of HIV-Positive U.S. Hispanics Are Getting Proper Care THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Even though Hispanics in the United States become infected with HIV at rates triple those of whites, less than half of Hispanics with the virus are receiving adequate treatment, a new report finds. The report, based on 2010 U.S. government health data, finds that while 80 percent of HIV-infected Hispanics do receive care soon after their diagnosis, only about 54 percent continue that care and...
Laxative Type Might Influence Colon Cancer Risk, Study Finds
Laxative Type Might Influence Colon Cancer Risk, Study Finds WEDNESDAY, Oct. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new study suggests that the type of laxative a person takes might be a factor in their odds for colon cancer. The research indicates that fiber-based laxatives are associated with a lower risk of colorectal cancer, while non-fiber laxatives are linked with a higher risk. The study could only show an association between laxative types and colon cancer risk, it could not prove cause-and-effect, and e...
Low-Income Adults Favor Medicaid Expansion, Survey Finds
Low-Income Adults Favor Medicaid Expansion, Survey Finds WEDNESDAY, Oct. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Low-income adults in the United States are strong supporters of Medicaid expansion, new research shows. They also view coverage provided by Medicaid -- the publicly funded insurance program for the poor -- as equal to or better than private health insurance, the study from the Harvard School of Public Health revealed. "In the debate over whether or not states should participate in Medicaid expansion, we ...
Living Near a Highway May Be Bad for Your Blood Pressure
Living Near a Highway May Be Bad for Your Blood Pressure WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Living close to a major highway may raise your risk for high blood pressure, a new study suggests. Among more than 5,000 postmenopausal women, those who lived within 109 yards of a busy road had a 22 percent greater risk of developing high blood pressure than women living at least half a mile away, researchers report. "The results of this study highlight the importance of our physical environment on our ...
Labor, Birth, and Postpartum
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Langerhans cell histiocytosis, also called histiocytosis X, is a condition in which the level of a type of immune cell, called a Langerhans cell, is abnormally high. While Langerhans cell histiocytosis has been considered to be a type of cancer or a condition similar to cancer, researchers are now discovering that it is more likely tied to an autoimmune response and occurs when the body's immune system attacks itself. What is Langerhans cell histiocytosis? Langerhans cell h...
Living with Aplastic Anemia
Living with Aplastic Anemia Aplastic anemia is a rare blood disorder that may be diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults. Click Image to Enlarge Aplastic anemia happens when bone marrow, the spongy tissue inside bones, doesn’t produce enough red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Red blood cells carry oxygen through the bloodstream to all areas of the body. White blood cells fight infections, and platelets help blood clot if bleeding starts. Why some children have this bone marrow pro...
Levetiracetam Oral tablet, extended-release
Levetiracetam Oral tablet, extended-release What is this medicine? LEVETIRACETAM (lee ve tye RA se tam) is an antiepileptic drug. It is used with other medicines to treat certain types of seizures. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not cut, crush or chew this medicine. You may take this medicine with or without food. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed...
Lidocaine Transdermal patch - 24 hour
Lidocaine Transdermal patch - 24 hour What is this medicine? LIDOCAINE (LYE doe kane) causes loss of feeling in the skin and surrounding area. The medicine helps treat nerve pain from herpes (shingles) infection. How should I use this medicine? Apply the patches over the most painful areas of skin. Make sure the skin does not have any open sores or rashes. If irritation or burning feelings occur, remove the patch or patches, and do not apply the patch again until the irritation resolves. Do not touch yo...
Lidocaine Hydrochloride Oromucosal solution
Lidocaine Hydrochloride Oromucosal solution What is this medicine? LIDOCAINE (LYE doe kane) is a local anesthetic. It causes loss of feeling in the skin and surrounding tissues. How should I use this medicine? The medicine is for topical use in the mouth or throat. Do not swallow this medicine unless you have been told to. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Use a specially marked spoon or container to measure the solution. Ask your pharmacist if you do not have one. If you have a sore plac...
Lung Scan (Perfusion Lung Scan, Lung Perfusion Scintigraphy, Radionuclide Pulmonary Scan, Ventilation-Perfusion Scan, V/Q Scan) Procedure overview What is a lung scan? A lung scan is a specialized radiology procedure used to examine the lungs to identify certain conditions. A lung scan may also be used to follow the progress of treatment of certain conditions. A lung scan is a type of nuclear radiology procedure. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive substance is used during the procedure to as...
Lung Transplantation Procedure
Lung Transplantation Procedure (Transplant-Lung, Lung Transplant, Lung Graft) Procedure overview What is a lung transplant? A lung transplant is a surgical procedure performed to remove one or both diseased lungs from a patient and replace it with a healthy one from another person. The majority of lungs that are transplanted come from deceased organ donors. This type of transplant is called a cadaveric transplant. Healthy, nonsmoking adults who make a good match may be able to donate a part (a lobe) of ...
Lobectomy (Thoracotomy, Thoracoscopic Lobectomy, Removal of a Lobe of the Lungs, Lung Surgery) Procedure overview What is a lobectomy? A lobectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove one of the lobes of the lungs. The procedure may be performed when an abnormality has been detected in a specific part of the lung. When only the affected lobe of the lung is removed, the remaining healthy tissue is spared to maintain adequate lung function. A lobectomy is most often performed during a surgical proc...
Lacerations Without Stitches
Lacerations Without Stitches What is a laceration? A laceration is tear or opening in the skin caused by an injury. Lacerations may be small, and need only minor treatment at home, or may be large enough to require emergency medical care. How do I know if my child's cut needs stitches? Lacerations that are superficial (do not involve fat or muscle tissue), are not bleeding heavily, less than 1/2 inch long and do not involve the face can usually be managed at home without stitches. The goals of caring fo...
Living With Congenital Heart Disease
Living With Congenital Heart Disease Living with congenital (present at birth) heart disease requires special care for your child. Listed in the directory below you will find additional information regarding some special considerations. Growth and Development Emotional and Family Issues
Low Back Pain
Low Back Pain What is low back pain? Click Image to Enlarge Low back pain can range from mild, dull, annoying pain, to persistent, severe, disabling pain in the lower back. Pain in the lower back can restrict mobility and interfere with normal functioning. Low back pain is 1 of the most significant health problems facing society today. Consider these statistics from the National Institutes of Health: Eight out of 10 people have back pain at some time in their life. Back pain is a common cause of activit...
Lung Cancer Click image to enlarge What is lung cancer? Lung cancer is cancer that usually starts in the lining of the bronchi (the main airways of the lungs), but can also begin in other areas of the lungs, including the bronchioles, or alveoli. It is the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women. In 2013, about 228,000 new cases of lung cancer are expected, according to the American Cancer Society. Lung cancers are believed to develop over a period of many years. Nearly all lung cancers are ...
Labor and Delivery
Labor and Delivery After nine months of incredible growth and changes both in the mother and the fetus, labor (contractions of the uterus) may finally start, signaling the pending birth of the baby. Many women fear the prospect of delivering their child. Part of this fear may be attributed to the unknown, especially in first pregnancies. Instead, be proactive and consider discussing the following questions with your care provider before labor begins: When will labor begin? How long will labor last? How ...
Lumbar Strain (Weight Lifter's Back)
Lumbar Strain (Weight Lifter's Back) What is a lumbar strain? A lumbar strain is an injury to the lower back, which results in damaged tendons and muscles that spasm and feel sore. What causes a lumbar strain? Click Image to Enlarge Trauma can injure the tendons and muscles in the lower back. Pushing and pulling sports, such as weight lifting or football, can lead to a lumbar strain. In addition, sports that require sudden twisting of the lower back, such as in tennis, basketball, baseball, and golf, ca...
Lead Poisoning The danger of lead poisoning According to the EPA, lead poisoning, once a major environmental health hazard, has declined greatly since the 1970s and continues to decrease. However, about 500,000 children under age 5 in the U.S. have elevated levels of lead in their blood. The Advisory Committee on Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention states that children with the highest risk of having elevated blood lead levels live in metropolitan areas and in housing built before 1978. Additional risk ...
Lymphedema After a Mastectomy
Lymphedema After a Mastectomy What is the lymphatic system? The lymphatic system is made up of many vessels that carry lymph fluid throughout the body. Lymph is a clear, colorless fluid that contains water and a few blood cells. It starts in many organs and tissues. The lymphatic system is part of your immune system. It helps to protect and maintain the fluid of your body by filtering and draining lymph and waste products away from each body region. Often during a lumpectomy or mastectomy, some or all o...
Lunchbox Hygiene Helps Prevent Foodborne Illness, Expert Says
Lunchbox Hygiene Helps Prevent Foodborne Illness, Expert Says MONDAY, Aug. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Keeping children's lunchboxes clean helps protect them from foodborne illness, an expert says. That's because dirty lunchboxes may contain bacteria that can make youngsters sick, explained Natasha Haynes, a family and consumer sciences agent for Mississippi State University. And parents may not be aware of how much grime their kid's lunchbox picks up in a day. "Kids don't always wash their hands befor...
Lupus Patients Face High Rehospitalization Rates
Lupus Patients Face High Rehospitalization Rates MONDAY, Aug. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- One in six hospitalized lupus patients requires readmission to the hospital within a month after discharge, according to a new study. While patients' disease severity contributed to readmission rates, other population differences suggest hospitals might be able to reduce rehospitalizations through better discharge plans and by addressing disparities in health care, said Dr. Jinoos Yazdany, lead researcher and asso...
Low Vitamin D Levels May Boost Alzheimer's Risk, Study Finds
Low Vitamin D Levels May Boost Alzheimer's Risk, Study Finds WEDNESDAY, Aug. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults with too little vitamin D in their blood may have twice the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease as seniors with sufficient levels of the "sunshine vitamin," a new study finds. The research -- based on more than 1,600 adults over age 65 -- found the risk for Alzheimer's and other forms of dementia increased with the severity of vitamin D deficiency. But the findings aren't enough to re...
Lidocaine Injection May Help Treat Fibromyalgia, Study Suggests
Lidocaine Injection May Help Treat Fibromyalgia, Study Suggests TUESDAY, Aug. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The pain of fibromyalgia might be eased with injections of the painkiller lidocaine, a new study suggests. People with fibromyalgia complain of chronic pain throughout their body as well as an increased sensitivity to pain. Doctors often have trouble treating this pain because it's unclear what causes it, the study authors noted. In the new study, injecting lidocaine into peripheral tissues -- such ...
Less Flexibility Seen in Brain Wiring of Kids With Autism: Study
Less Flexibility Seen in Brain Wiring of Kids With Autism: Study TUESDAY, July 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- When most children take on a task, various brain connections fire up. But scans showed less of this neuro-boosting activity in kids with autism, according to a small new study. Moreover, children with more severe symptoms of autism displayed even less of this "brain flexibility," the researchers found. "This reduced flexibility often causes difficulty when children with autism are faced with new s...
Lymphoma Treatment May Harm, Halt Men's Sperm Production
Lymphoma Treatment May Harm, Halt Men's Sperm Production FRIDAY, July 25, 2014 (HealthDay -- Treatment for lymphoma may lower men's fertility, new research indicates. Both Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which are cancers of the body's white blood cells, often affect young people who are still in their reproductive years. For men, treatment for these cancers can harm or halt sperm production. Although most men regain their fertility within two years of treatment, the researchers cautioned tha...
Lift U.S. Ban on Blood Donations by Gay Men, Experts Say
Lift U.S. Ban on Blood Donations by Gay Men, Experts Say FRIDAY, July 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The United States should repeal a 30-year policy that bans blood donations from gay and bisexual men, according to a team of medical and legal experts writing this week in the Journal of the American Medical Association . Currently, a man who has ever had sex with another man cannot donate blood in the United States -- a lifetime ban that has been in place since 1983. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration ...
Life Skills, Parenting Classes May Cut Inflammation in Poor Kids
Life Skills, Parenting Classes May Cut Inflammation in Poor Kids MONDAY, July 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Good parenting and life skills coaching seem to reduce inflammation in children from low-income families, a new study suggests. Inflammation is a common problem among poorer children, and can lead to a number of illnesses, according to Northwestern University researchers. "Many health problems in both childhood and adulthood involve excessive inflammation. The process has a role in diabetes, heart ...
Losing Weight May Ease Hot Flashes, Study Finds
Losing Weight May Ease Hot Flashes, Study Finds THURSDAY, July 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Slimming down may help ease the hot flashes that often accompany menopause, new research suggests. Hot flashes can be debilitating for more than 50 percent of menopausal women, said Dr. Taraneh Shirazian, an assistant professor of obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive science at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City. About one-third of menopausal women experience more than 10 hot...
Lung Groups: Governments Should Limit or Ban Use of E-Cigarettes
Lung Groups: Governments Should Limit or Ban Use of E-Cigarettes THURSDAY, July 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Governments should ban or limit the use of electronic cigarettes until more is known about their health effects, say experts from the world's leading lung organizations. The position statement was issued Wednesday by the Forum of International Respiratory Societies (FIRS), which includes more than 70,000 members worldwide. "The gravity of tobacco use on global health and the historical behavior o...
Less May Be More When It Comes to Gallbladder Surgery
Less May Be More When It Comes to Gallbladder Surgery TUESDAY, July 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Less aggressive treatment will likely lead to better outcomes for people having their gallbladders removed, according to a pair of new studies. One study found that people with gallstones do better if doctors just remove their gallbladder, instead of first snaking a scope inside to assess the medical problem. "They were able to show that patients in this group did just as well without testing prior to having ...
Like Humans, Chimps' Smarts May Rely on Genes
Like Humans, Chimps' Smarts May Rely on Genes THURSDAY, July 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Nature, not nurture, may play the bigger role in the innate intelligence of individual chimpanzees, a new study finds. "As is the case in humans, genes matter when it comes to cognitive [thinking] abilities in chimpanzees," William Hopkins of the Yerkes National Primate Research Center in Atlanta, said in a news release from the journal Current Biology . The findings might also give insight into the evolution of in...
Latest Study Finds No Link Between Testosterone Supplements, Heart Attack
Latest Study Finds No Link Between Testosterone Supplements, Heart Attack WEDNESDAY, July 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Although recent research has linked testosterone therapy with a higher risk for heart attack and stroke, a new study involving more than 25,000 older men suggests otherwise. The study, funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health, may help ease some fears about testosterone therapy for patients and their families, the study authors said. "Our investigation was motivated by a growing ...
Less Toxic Transplant Treatment Offers Hope for Sickle Cell Patients
Less Toxic Transplant Treatment Offers Hope for Sickle Cell Patients TUESDAY, July 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new bone marrow transplant technique for adults with sickle cell disease may "cure" many patients. And it avoids the toxic effects associated with long-term use of anti-rejection drugs, a new study suggests. This experimental technique mixes stem cells from a sibling with the patient's own cells. Of 30 patients treated this way, many stopped using anti-rejection drugs within a year, and avoid...
Liver Cancer Drug Fails to Live Up to Early Promise
Liver Cancer Drug Fails to Live Up to Early Promise TUESDAY, July 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Although it looked promising in early studies, the drug everolimus didn't improve survival for people with advanced liver cancer in its latest trial, a new study found. The findings from the phase 3 clinical trial are disappointing because earlier research suggested that everolimus (Afinitor) prevented tumor progression and improved survival for in advanced liver cancer. Normally, these patients can expect a me...
Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to High Blood Pressure
Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to High Blood Pressure THURSDAY, June 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Low levels of vitamin D may be a cause of high blood pressure, according to a new study. Previous research has suggested a strong link between low levels of vitamin D and high blood pressure, but a direct cause-and-effect relationship has not been shown. Vitamin D is nicknamed the sunshine vitamin because the body produces vitamin D when exposed to sunlight. People also get vitamin D through foods such as eggs...
Lymphedema After Breast Cancer
Lymphedema After Breast Cancer A diagnosis of breast cancer is difficult enough, even with the better outcomes commonly seen today. Yet after you have been successfully treated for breast cancer, you face another potential problem — lymphedema, a swelling that occurs in the arm, breast, or chest area after breast cancer treatment. Lymphedema often occurs after lymph node removal, a fairly standard part of the breast cancer treatment process to see how far the cancer has spread. Attached to those lymph n...
Living With Cancer
Lifetime of Learning Might Thwart Dementia, Study Suggests
Lifetime of Learning Might Thwart Dementia, Study Suggests MONDAY, June 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A lifetime engaging in intellectually stimulating pursuits may significantly lower your risk for dementia in your golden years, new research suggests. Even people with relatively low educational and professional achievements can gain protection against late-life dementia if they adopt a mentally stimulating lifestyle -- reading and playing music and games, for example -- by the time they enter middle-age...
Lymphoseek Approved for Diagnosing Cancer Severity
Lymphoseek Approved for Diagnosing Cancer Severity FRIDAY, June 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval for the Lymphoseek imaging agent (technetium 99m tilmanocept) has been expanded to include helping doctors determine if a type of cancer called squamous cell carcinoma has spread to the head and neck, and to what extent, the FDA said Friday. The injected agent was first approved in 2013 to help doctors identify lymph nodes associated with breast cancer or melanoma skin ...
Low Cholesterol Levels May Spell Trouble for Kidney Cancer Patients
Low Cholesterol Levels May Spell Trouble for Kidney Cancer Patients THURSDAY, June 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Low cholesterol levels may increase kidney cancer patients' risk of death, a new study suggests. The findings indicate that cholesterol testing may help guide treatment for kidney cancer patients, the study authors said. They analyzed cholesterol levels in 867 kidney cancer patients before they had surgery for their cancer and followed them for a median of 52 months after surgery. Low choleste...
Levodopa May Beat Newer Meds for Long-Term Parkinson's Care: Study
Levodopa May Beat Newer Meds for Long-Term Parkinson's Care: Study WEDNESDAY, June 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- When it comes to which drug works best for patients with newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease, older may still be better, a new study finds. Research published June 10 in The Lancet finds that the dopamine drug levodopa still outperforms newer medications for the long-term care of people newly diagnosed with Parkinson's. "This study lays to rest lingering questions among both people with Parkin...
Learning Another Language May Help the Aging Brain
Learning Another Language May Help the Aging Brain MONDAY, June 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Speaking two or more languages helps protect your brain as you age, even if you learn new languages as an adult, new research suggests. The study included 835 people born in Scotland in 1936 whose first language was English. They were given mental skills tests at age 11 and again in their early 70s. Of the participants, 262 were able to speak at least two languages, with 195 of them learning a second language bef...
Lower Risk of Prostate Cancer Seen in Circumcised Blacks: Study
Lower Risk of Prostate Cancer Seen in Circumcised Blacks: Study THURSDAY, May 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new study on prostate cancer suggests that circumcision might have a preventive effect in black men and men who undergo the procedure later in life. The findings are preliminary, and they don't suggest circumcision lowers the risk of prostate cancer for most men. Nor are experts recommending the procedure as a cancer-preventive strategy. Still, "it may be that circumcision should be considered as...
Low-Power Laser May Trigger Tooth Repair
Low-Power Laser May Trigger Tooth Repair WEDNESDAY, May 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A low-power laser can trigger stem cells in the body to repair teeth in mice, researchers report. The laser prompted dental stem cells to form dentin, the hard material that is similar to bone and provides most of a tooth's structure. The findings appear in the May 28 issue of Science Translational Medicine . This research could lead to the development of noninvasive laser therapy that could dramatically change dental t...
Losing Weight at Any Age May Help the Heart
Losing Weight at Any Age May Help the Heart WEDNESDAY, May 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Healthy weight loss at any time in adulthood is good for your heart, a new study indicates. "Our findings suggest that losing weight at any age can result in long-term cardiovascular health benefits, and support public health strategies and lifestyle modifications that help individuals who are overweight or obese to lose weight at all ages," according to lead study author John Deanfield, of University College London....
Lumpectomy Animation You or someone you know may be facing a lumpectomy to remove a breast tumor. A lumpectomy is a type of breast-conserving surgery in which a cancerous lump and portions of the surrounding breast tissue are removed, leaving the breast intact. Launch Animation
Litrotricia (Litrotricia extracorporal por ondas de choque, ESWL, litrotricia por ondas de choque) Descripción general del procedimiento ¿Qué es la litrotricia? La litrotricia es un procedimiento no invasivo (no se perfora la piel) utilizado para tratar los cálculos renales que son demasiado grandes para pasar por las vías urinarias. La litrotricia trata los cálculos renales por medio de ondas de choque o de energía ultrasónica que se envían de forma focalizada y directa al cálculo que se localiza previ...
Laparoscopy (Peritoneoscopy, Gynecologic Laparoscopy, Pelviscopy, Exploratory Laparoscopy) Procedure overview Laparoscopy is a procedure used to examine the organs of the abdominal cavity. Laparoscopy utilizes a laparoscope, a thin flexible tube containing a video camera. The laparoscope is placed through a small incision in the abdomen and produces images that can be seen on a computer screen. A similar procedure can be used to look at the organs of the pelvis (gynecologic laparoscopy or pelviscopy). T...
Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP)
Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP) (Large Loop Excision of the Transformation Zone [LLETZ], Large Loop Excision of the Cervix [LLEC], Loop Cone Biopsy of the Cervix) Procedure overview What is a loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)? Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) uses a wire loop heated by electric current to remove cells and tissue as part of the diagnosis and treatment for abnormal or cancerous conditions in a woman’s lower genital tract. The lower genital tract i...
Lung Biopsy (Biopsy-Lung, Closed Lung Biopsy, Transthoracic Needle Lung Biopsy, Percutaneous Needle Lung Biopsy, Transbronchial Lung Biopsy, Pulmonary Biopsy, Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery, VATS) Procedure overview What is a lung biopsy? A biopsy is a procedure performed to remove tissue or cells from the body for examination under a microscope. A lung biopsy is a procedure in which samples of lung tissue are removed (with a special biopsy needle or during surgery) to determine if lung disease or canc...
Lithotripsy (Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy, ESWL, Shock Wave Lithotripsy) Procedure overview What is lithotripsy? Lithotripsy is a noninvasive (the skin is not pierced) procedure used to treat kidney stones that are too large to pass through the urinary tract. Lithotripsy treats kidney stones by sending focused ultrasonic energy or shock waves directly to the stone first located with fluoroscopy (a type of X-ray “movie”) or ultrasound (high frequency sound waves). The shock waves break a large st...
Liver Transplantation Procedure
Liver Transplantation Procedure (Liver Transplant, Hepatic Transplant) Procedure overview What is a liver transplant? A liver transplant is a surgical procedure performed to replace a diseased liver with a healthy liver from another person. The liver may come from a deceased organ donor or from a living donor. Family members or individuals who are unrelated but make a good match may be able to donate a portion of their liver. This type of transplant is called a living transplant. Individuals who donate ...
Liver Scan (Liver-Spleen Scan, Liver Scintigraphy) Procedure overview What is a liver scan? A liver scan is a specialized radiology procedure used to examine the liver to identify certain conditions or to assess the function of the liver. A liver scan may also be used to follow the progress of treatment of certain conditions. This procedure may also be referred to as a liver-spleen scan because the spleen often is examined as well due to its proximity and close functional relationship to the liver. A li...
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Crestwood Medical Center
One Hospital Drive
Huntsville, AL 35801
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