Immune System May Play Role in Obesity
Immune System May Play Role in Obesity MONDAY, Dec. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Certain immune system cells may play an important role in weight control, an early study suggests. Scientists had known that the immune cells may help ward off obesity in mice. The new findings are the first to suggest the same is true in humans, researchers report in the Dec. 22 online edition of Nature . The investigators found that the cells, known as ILC2s, were less common in belly fat from obese adults, versus thinner...
Indoor Tanning Tied to Burns, Fainting, Eye Injuries: Study
Indoor Tanning Tied to Burns, Fainting, Eye Injuries: Study MONDAY, Dec. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Studies have shown that tanning beds are tied to a higher long-term risk for skin cancer, but new research finds that about 3,200 Americans wind up in ERs every year with serious burns or from passing out after an indoor tanning session. People suffer first- and second-degree burns from tanning too long, said lead researcher Gery Guy Jr., from the division of cancer prevention and control at the U.S. Ce...
Insecticide Sprays Don't Offer Extra Protection Against Malaria: Study
Insecticide Sprays Don't Offer Extra Protection Against Malaria: Study TUESDAY, Dec. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Using insecticide sprays along with bed nets does not provide children with more protection against malaria than nets alone, a new study finds. The study included about 8,000 children, aged 6 months to 14 years, in the West African nation of Gambia, who used either insecticidal bed nets alone or the bed nets in combination with having their homes sprayed with the insecticide DDT. The insectic...
Is HIV Becoming Less Contagious?
Is HIV Becoming Less Contagious? MONDAY, Dec. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- New research in Africa suggests that the AIDS virus is getting smarter about evading the immune system while evolving into a less contagious and less lethal infection overall. In the country of Botswana, at least, "anyone who is newly infected now with HIV is less likely to suffer disease than if they had been infected 20 or 30 years ago," said study co-author Philip Goulder, a research immunologist with the University of Oxford i...
Infants Remember a Good Time, Study Finds
Infants Remember a Good Time, Study Finds MONDAY, Dec. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- When it comes to remembering things, infants appear to focus on the good times, recent research suggests. The new study included 5-month-old babies who watched a person on a computer screen talking to them in either a happy, neutral or angry voice, followed immediately by a geometric shape. In follow-up tests -- one conducted just five minutes later and the other, a day later -- the babies were shown pairs of geometric sh...
Infants With Eczema May Be More Prone to Peanut Allergy: Study
Infants With Eczema May Be More Prone to Peanut Allergy: Study TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to peanut protein in household dust may increase the risk of peanut allergy in infants with the skin condition eczema, a new study reveals. About 2 percent of school-aged children in the United States are allergic to peanuts. And severe eczema in infants has been linked to food allergies, particularly peanut allergy, the researchers noted. The new study included 359 infants aged 3 months to...
Ick! Tapeworm Infecting Man's Brain Yields Genetic Secrets
Ick! Tapeworm Infecting Man's Brain Yields Genetic Secrets FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists say they've mapped the genome -- the genetic "blueprint" -- of a tapeworm extracted from a British man's brain, in hopes it might help others with this very rare infection. As reported Nov. 21 in the journal Genome Biology , the tapeworm was removed from the brain of a 50-year-old British man of Chinese ethnicity. "This infection is so rare worldwide and completely unexpected in this country t...
Improper Contact Lens Use Causes Millions of Eye Infections: CDC
Improper Contact Lens Use Causes Millions of Eye Infections: CDC THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Millions of Americans misuse contact lenses -- wearing them too long, not cleaning them properly -- and that causes almost a million cases of eye infection in the United States annually, a new report finds. These infections are clinically known as keratitis, an infection of the cornea, the clear dome that covers the colored part of the eye. Keratitis can cause pain and inflammation and, in severe...
Inhaled Ebola Vaccine Protects Monkeys
Inhaled Ebola Vaccine Protects Monkeys MONDAY, Nov. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The quest for an effective vaccine against Ebola has moved a step closer to reality, with a new study finding an inhaled version worked well in monkeys. Researchers say the experimental vaccine provided long-term protection. "There is a desperate need for a vaccine that not only prevents the continued transmission from person to person, but also aids in controlling future incidences," study co-author Kristina Jonsson-Schmunk...
Is Tau the 'How' Behind Alzheimer's?
Is Tau the 'How' Behind Alzheimer's? FRIDAY, Oct. 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Malfunction of a key brain protein called tau is the likely culprit behind Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia, a new study in mice concludes. Neurons -- highly specialized nerve cells in the brain -- appear to die when tau malfunctions and fails to clear the cells of unwanted and toxic proteins, explained Charbel Moussa, head of the Laboratory for Dementia and Parkinsonism at Georgetown University School of Medic...
Is Milk Your Friend or Foe?
Is Milk Your Friend or Foe? WEDNESDAY, Oct. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Drinking lots of milk could be bad for your health, a new study reports. Previous research has shown that the calcium in milk can help strengthen bones and prevent osteoporosis. These benefits to bone health have led U.S. health officials to recommend milk as part of a healthy diet. But this new study found that drinking large amounts of milk did not protect men or women from bone fractures, and was linked to an overall higher risk...
Is Violent Crime in Some People's Genes?
Is Violent Crime in Some People's Genes? TUESDAY, Oct. 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- In a cutting-edge look at the biology of crime, a team of Swedish investigators has identified two specific genetic mutations that appear to be linked to a higher risk for extremely violent behavior. "Our study suggests that up to 10 percent of violent crimes might be explained by the aforementioned two genes," said study lead author Dr. Jari Tiihonen, a professor in the department of clinical neuroscience with the Karol...
If You Do Gain Weight, Polyunsaturated Fats May Prevent Some Damage
If You Do Gain Weight, Polyunsaturated Fats May Prevent Some Damage THURSDAY, Oct. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Muffins -- and other fatty foods -- can definitely put on the pounds, but those made with polyunsaturated oil may be safer for your heart than if they're made with saturated fats like butter, a small study suggests. That's because olive oil, sunflower oil and other polyunsaturated fats won't increase cholesterol like butter or palm oil, the researchers found. Thirty-nine healthy young adults i...
Immune Therapy Induces Remission for Many With a Tough-to-Treat Blood Cancer
Immune Therapy Induces Remission for Many With a Tough-to-Treat Blood Cancer WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental immune-system therapy can often lead to complete remission in leukemia patients who have run out of other options, a new study confirms. Researchers found that 27 of 30 children and adults with advanced acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) went into full remission after receiving genetically tweaked versions of their own immune system cells. "Ninety percent of patients ...
Is 'Slow and Steady' Weight Loss Really the Best Approach?
Is 'Slow and Steady' Weight Loss Really the Best Approach? WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An Australian study throws doubt on the notion that a more gradual approach to weight loss is always the most effective route to take. The study also found that whether you opt for a "crash" diet or something a bit slower, the rate at which you shed excess pounds has no bearing on whether or not those pounds will come back. The findings are published Oct. 15 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology ...
Impotence Drug Might Counter Common Gene Mutation in Type 2 Diabetes: Study
Impotence Drug Might Counter Common Gene Mutation in Type 2 Diabetes: Study THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- In a small study, Swedish researchers found that the impotence drug yohimbine might help people with type 2 diabetes who have a particular gene mutation that lowers their insulin production. Among 50 men and women with type 2 diabetes partially caused by a mutation in a gene called alpha(2A)-AR, those treated with yohimbine showed improved insulin production and lower blood sugar levels...
Infection Rates in Nursing Homes on the Rise: Study
Infection Rates in Nursing Homes on the Rise: Study WEDNESDAY, Oct. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Infection rates within U.S. nursing homes are on the rise, and that trend will continue until better hygiene practices are put in place, a new study suggests. "Infections are a leading cause of deaths and complications for nursing home residents and, with the exception of tuberculosis, we found a significant increase in infection rates across the board," study author Carolyn Herzig, of the Columbia University...
It's Confirmed: You Have Parents to Thank (or Blame) for Your Height
It's Confirmed: You Have Parents to Thank (or Blame) for Your Height MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- New research confirms that you have your parents to thank for how tall or short you are. The finding doubles the number of gene regions that influence height. That means there are now 424 gene regions, with 697 common genetic variants, that play a role in stature. That's the largest number to date linked with any one trait or disease, the researchers said. The effort to find more genes linked to...
Infant's Early Diet Doesn't Change Celiac Disease Risk, Study Finds
Infant's Early Diet Doesn't Change Celiac Disease Risk, Study Finds WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A newborn's risk of developing celiac disease isn't reduced by breast-feeding. Nor will delaying the introduction of a protein found in wheat called gluten to an infant's diet help prevent celiac disease. Those are the conclusions from a pair of new studies in the Oct. 2 New England Journal of Medicine . The new findings put to rest hopes that a child could avoid celiac disease if mothers brea...
Insulin Solution for injection
Insulin Solution for injection What is this medicine? REGULAR INSULIN (REG yuh ler IN su lin) is a human-made form of insulin. This medicine lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. It is a short-acting insulin that starts working about 30 minutes after it is injected. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection under the skin. Use exactly as directed. It is important to follow the directions given to you by your doctor or health care professional. Your doctor or health care professi...
Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) Insertion
Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) Insertion Procedure overview What is an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) insertion? An implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) insertion of an electronic device just below the collarbone is used to help regulate potentially fast and life-threatening electrical problems with the heart. An ICD monitors the heart's electrical activity using wires with electrodes on the end that are placed in specific areas of the heart. The ICD responds to irreg...
Intraoperative Care for Children
Intraoperative Care for Children Intraoperative care lasts from the time your child enters the operating room to when the surgery is complete and your child goes to the recovery room. During most of this time, your child will be asleep. Becoming knowledgeable about the anesthesia process, what the operating room looks like, and who will be present with your child in the operating room, can alleviate some of your fears. Listed in the directory below is some additional information regarding intraoperative...
Influenza (Flu) in Children
Influenza (Flu) in Children What is influenza? Influenza (flu) is a highly contagious viral infection and is one of the most severe illnesses of the winter season. Influenza is a viral infection of the upper respiratory system, which includes the nose, bronchial tubes, and lungs. Influenza has these common symptoms: Fever Muscle aches Sore throat Nonproductive cough Influenza can make people of any age ill. Although most people, including children, are ill with influenza for less than a week, some have ...
Identification, Treatment, and Prevention of Birth Defects
Identification, Treatment, and Prevention of Birth Defects Identifying, treating, and preventing birth defects has been and continues to be a primary goal of genetic research. The Human Genome Project Vitamin, Gene, and Enzyme Replacement Therapy Before Your Next Pregnancy When to Seek Genetic Counseling
Infectious Mononucleosis in Teens and Young Adults
Infectious Mononucleosis in Teens and Young Adults What is infectious mononucleosis? Infectious mononucleosis is a contagious disease. It is common in teenagers and young adults. It is also called mononucleosis, "mono," glandular fever, or the "kissing disease." What causes infectious mononucleosis? Infectious mononucleosis is typically caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). The cytomegalovirus (CMV) also causes a similar illness. Both viruses are members of the herpes simplex virus family. Consider th...
Impotence/Erectile Dysfunction Click Image to Enlarge What is erectile dysfunction (ED)? Impotence, or erectile dysfunction, is the inability to achieve an erection, and/or dissatisfaction with the size, rigidity, and/or duration of erections. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), erectile dysfunction affects up to 30 million men. Although in the past it was commonly believed to be due to psychological problems, it is now known that for most men erectile dysfunction is caused by physical...
Intraoperative Care During your procedure, special care is taken by all members of the surgical team to ensure that no complications arise. Below are some of the considerations that need to be made immediately prior to or during your procedure. The Day of Surgery / Getting Ready For Surgery / The Operating Room Methods of Surgery Other Techniques of Surgery Common Surgical Procedures Outpatient Surgery
Inhalers and Nebulizers
Inhalers and Nebulizers Several types of devices are used to deliver medication in a fine mist directly into the lungs. They are used to treat asthma and other lung diseases, such as chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD). These devices cause fewer side effects than medication taken by mouth or injection. Types of Inhalers The type of device you are given will depend on your: Age Ability Medical history Personal choice Severity and frequency of your symptoms The most common types of inhalers are: Meter...
Illustration of the Mouth
Illustration of the Mouth Click Image to Enlarge Illustration of a tooth Click to Enlarge
Immunizations Importance of immunizations Immunization is key to preventing disease among the general population. Vaccines benefit both the people who receive them and the vulnerable, unvaccinated people around them because the infection can no longer spread through the community if most people are immunized. In addition, immunizations reduce the number of deaths and disability from infections, such as measles, whooping cough, and chickenpox. Although children receive the majority of the vaccinations, a...
The Immune System What is the immune system? The immune system works to keep germs out of the body and destroy any that get in. The immune system is made up of a complex network of cells and organs that protect the body from infection. The Immune System - Click to Enlarge Lymph nodes are part of the immune system. They release lymphocytes, a certain type of white blood cell that fights infection. The blood vessels and lymph vessels carry the lymphocytes to and from different areas in the body. Each lymp...
Inguinal Hernia What is an inguinal hernia? A hernia occurs when a section of intestine protrudes through a weakness in the abdominal wall. A soft bulge is seen underneath the skin where the hernia has occurred. An inguinal hernia occurs in the groin area, when a section of intestine pushes through a weak spot in the inguinal canal--a triangle-shaped opening between layers of abdominal muscle near the groin. What causes an inguinal hernia? As a male fetus grows and matures during pregnancy, the testicle...
Insulin Safety Tips
Insulin Safety Tips If you need to inject insulin to manage your diabetes, take care of your insulin properly. Ask your pharmacist how to safely store and use your insulin medicines and remember these general tips from the American Diabetes Association: Store insulin safely. Keep your extra bottles in the refrigerator, away from very hot or very cold temperatures. Never store insulin in the freezer or in direct sunlight. In general, after you open a bottle, don’t keep it for more than 28 days. The cartr...
Insulin and Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin and Type 2 Diabetes If you have type 2 diabetes and your health care provider recently put you on insulin, you may feel disappointed that lifestyle changes and diabetes pills weren’t enough. Or, you may think that you should have tried harder to manage your diabetes. But you shouldn’t blame yourself. Many people with diabetes need to change their treatment plan at some point. There are advantages to this. For example, taking insulin can make it easier to manage your blood sugar and prevent compl...
Insulin Pump Use
Insulin Pump Use Can anyone with diabetes use an insulin pump? Insulin pumps are used most often by people with type 1 diabetes, but some people with type 2 diabetes also use them. Insulin pumps can be used instead of administering insulin by injection. These pager-sized pumps clip to your clothing or attach directly to your body. Through a tube attached to your skin, usually on the abdomen, thigh or buttock, the pump delivers a continuous (basal) dose of insulin 24 hours a day. Before a meal, you push ...
If You Are Having Radiation Therapy
If You Are Having Radiation Therapy Questions for the doctor: What is the goal of this treatment? How will the radiation be given? How many treatments will I get? Over what period of time? When will the treatment begin? When will it end? How will I feel during radiation therapy? What are the possible short-term and long-term side effects? What are some serious side effects I should report to the doctor? What are the chances treatment will be effective? How will we know if it's working? Will I need other...
Implantable Heart Devices Work, Regardless of Race: Study
Implantable Heart Devices Work, Regardless of Race: Study MONDAY, Aug. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Implantable heart devices are as effective in reducing the risk of death in minority patients with heart failure as in white patients, a new study says. While these devices are recommended for all eligible patients, previous research has shown that black and Hispanic patients were not well-represented in past clinical trials and are less likely than whites to receive implantable cardioverter defibrillator...
In Neonatal ICU, Hand Washing Plus Gloves May Curb Infections
In Neonatal ICU, Hand Washing Plus Gloves May Curb Infections MONDAY, Aug. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Extremely premature babies are less likely to develop infections when medical staff wear gloves after washing their hands, compared with just hand washing, a new study finds. Researchers looked at infections and cases of so-called necrotizing enterocolitis -- tissue death in the intestines -- among 120 extremely preterm babies in a neonatal intensive care unit at one hospital. The infants were younger...
Is the PSA Test Worth It? Major Study Is Inconclusive
Is the PSA Test Worth It? Major Study Is Inconclusive WEDNESDAY, Aug. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The value of the PSA test to screen men for prostate cancer has long been debated, and a new study of 162,000 men may not resolve the issue. The European study, reported Aug. 6 in The Lancet , finds that widespread use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood tests does reduce deaths from the disease by about one-fifth. However, due to lingering doubts about whether the benefits of PSA screening outweigh th...
Insurance Status May Affect Cancer Outcome: Study
Insurance Status May Affect Cancer Outcome: Study FRIDAY, Aug. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new U.S. study finds that cancer patients who don't have insurance -- or who get it through the federal health insurance program for the poor (Medicaid) -- are at much higher risk of poor medical outcomes than other people. They're more likely to have advanced cancer when they're diagnosed, less likely to be treated with surgery or radiation and more likely to die of their disease, researchers report. The findin...
IRS Caps Fines on Uninsured Americans at $12K for Family of 5
IRS Caps Fines on Uninsured Americans at $12K for Family of 5 FRIDAY, July 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. taxpayers who go without health insurance this year will face fines of up to $2,448 per individual or $12,240 for a family of five, the Internal Revenue Service says. The Obama administration on Thursday announced an upper limit on the federal tax penalties that some Americans will owe for failing to have health insurance. The IRS cap is based on the monthly national average premium for a bronze-...
It's 'Buyer Beware' for Decorative Contact Lenses, FDA Says
It's 'Buyer Beware' for Decorative Contact Lenses, FDA Says TUESDAY, July 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Decorative contact lenses may seem like a fun accessory, but if you're not careful, they can cause serious eye damage. Decorative contacts should be fitted properly by an optometrist or ophthalmologist, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It's important to get an eye exam and a valid prescription for these lenses and buy them from a trustworthy seller, the FDA cautioned. To spread...
Inflammatory Muscle Disorder May Raise Risk for Heart Attack, Stroke
Inflammatory Muscle Disorder May Raise Risk for Heart Attack, Stroke MONDAY, July 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A common inflammatory muscle disorder that causes pain and stiffness in older people may increase the risk for heart attack and stroke, new research suggests. A British study found that patients with polymyalgia rheumatica are more likely to develop vascular disease -- conditions that affect the blood vessels. Doctors should carefully manage the vascular risk factors of patients with polymyalgi...
Is Coffee Aggravating Your Hot Flashes?
Is Coffee Aggravating Your Hot Flashes? THURSDAY, July 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Drinking caffeine may worsen the hot flashes and night sweats that affect roughly two-thirds of women as they go through menopause, new survey data suggests. "While these findings are preliminary, our study suggests that limiting caffeine intake may be useful for those postmenopausal women who have bothersome hot flashes and night sweats," said researcher Dr. Stephanie Faubion, director of the Women's Health Clinic at th...
Injuries on the Increase in High School Lacrosse, Study Shows
Injuries on the Increase in High School Lacrosse, Study Shows TUESDAY, July 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- High school lacrosse players are facing an increasing number of injuries during practices as well as games, a new study finds. Although the most common injuries are sprains and strains, more than 22 percent are concussions, researchers report. They note a better understanding of why these injuries are happening could lead to better ways to protect student athletes. "Concern over concussions in both b...
Irregular Heart Rhythm Ups Stroke Risk Soon After Heart Surgery
Irregular Heart Rhythm Ups Stroke Risk Soon After Heart Surgery MONDAY, July 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People who are older than 65 who've had a stroke or heart valve surgery, or who have known blood vessel disease, have an increased risk of stroke after heart surgery, a new study finds. Researchers looked at nearly 109,000 heart surgery patients in the Canadian province of Ontario and found that those factors could up the risk of stroke immediately after and for as long as two years following heart ...
Is Obesity an Advantage After Heart Procedures?
Is Obesity an Advantage After Heart Procedures? WEDNESDAY, July 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- While a host of cardiovascular ailments are associated with excess pounds, new research supports a puzzling "obesity paradox." It found that overweight heart patients experience fewer heart attacks and higher survival rates after cardiac procedures than their slimmer peers. Scientists reviewing 36 prior studies found that obese patients were up to 27 percent less likely to die after heart procedures such as coro...
iPads Can Trigger Nickel Allergies in Kids
iPads Can Trigger Nickel Allergies in Kids MONDAY, July 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- When an 11-year-old boy in San Diego developed a nasty skin allergy, doctors traced it to the nickel in his family's iPad. They also found a quick and easy solution -- cover the iPad's metal surfaces with a form-fitting case. The incident highlights the importance of considering "metallic-appearing electronics and personal effects as potential sources of nickel exposure" and nickel allergy, wrote Drs. Sharon Jacob and S...
Inactivity May Be Main Culprit in Obesity Epidemic: Study
Inactivity May Be Main Culprit in Obesity Epidemic: Study TUESDAY, July 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Lack of exercise -- and not a tendency to eat too much -- may explain why an increasing number of Americans are obese, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed U.S. government data from the last 20 years and found that the number of women who reported no physical activity rose from about 19 percent in 1994 to nearly 52 percent in 2010. The number of men who said they didn't exercise increased from about...
If You Can't Stand the Heat . . .
If You Can't Stand the Heat . . . WEDNESDAY, July 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Summer's heat puts everyone at potential risk for heat-related illness, but seniors and people with chronic health problems are especially vulnerable. Heat illnesses -- collectively known as hyperthermia -- include heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat fatigue and a life-threatening condition called heat stroke. A person's risk for heat illness depends on a number of factors, including outside temperature, general health and indi...
Insulin Pumps May Outperform Daily Injections for Type 2 Diabetes: Study
Insulin Pumps May Outperform Daily Injections for Type 2 Diabetes: Study WEDNESDAY, July 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Insulin pumps provide better blood sugar control for adults with diabetes than multiple daily insulin injections, a new study says. Insulin pumps are small devices that are worn by patients and deliver constant amounts of insulin to the body through a catheter placed under the skin. The multicenter, international study was funded by medical device maker Medtronic and included 331 people a...
Injuries, Violence Are Leading Causes of Death for Young Americans
Injuries, Violence Are Leading Causes of Death for Young Americans TUESDAY, July 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 80 percent of deaths of Americans age 30 and younger result from injury or violence, U.S. health researchers reported Tuesday. More young Americans die from injury than from any other cause, according to a study by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. These fatalities stem from automobile crashes, drowning, firearm-related injuries, falls, assault, drug overdoses and other ...
Inhaled Medication Afrezza Approved to Treat Diabetes
Inhaled Medication Afrezza Approved to Treat Diabetes MONDAY, June 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An inhaled medication, Afrezza (human insulin), has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat adults with diabetes. The rapid-acting, inhaled insulin is designed to be used within 20 minutes of beginning a meal, the agency said. Diabetes affects an estimated 25.8 million people in the United States, including 7 million who haven't been diagnosed, the FDA said in a news release. Serious c...
iPads May Help Boost Speaking Skills in Kids With Autism: Study
iPads May Help Boost Speaking Skills in Kids With Autism: Study TUESDAY, July 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Adding access to a computer tablet to traditional therapy may help children with autism talk and interact more, new research suggests. The study compared language and social communication treatment -- with or without access to an iPad computer tablet -- in 61 young children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and found that the device helped boost the effect of the treatment. "All the children im...
Is Your Medication Working for You?
Is Your Medication Working for You? Prescription drugs can enhance your life, but when not used correctly, they may not be effective, or they may even be dangerous to your health. Medications are serious business and should never be taken lightly. Ask these questions each time you’re prescribed a medication: Q: How should I take this drug? A large percentage of people don't take their medications correctly, according to recent surveys. Some never bother to fill their prescriptions in the first place. Ot...
If Your Child Needs Treatment for Weight Issues
If Your Child Needs Treatment for Weight Issues For overweight children, the most successful treatment combines healthy lifestyle changes—improved diet combined with exercise—with a focus on changing such behaviors as eating while watching TV. Overweight children also need psychological support to deal with the lack of self-esteem and social isolation they often face. What about drugs or surgery? Most doctors consider them last resorts for severely overweight adolescents with other serious risk factors....
In the Kitchen: Prevent the Spread of Infection
In the Kitchen: Prevent the Spread of Infection Bacteria can spread anywhere in the kitchen. So, it's important to wash your hands and kitchen surfaces before and after preparing food. Bacteria can spread from one surface to another without you knowing it. If the bacteria gets into food, they can cause foodborne illnesses. Sources of contamination Most viruses and bacteria that cause colds, flu, and foodborne illnesses are spread by hand-to-hand or hand-to-food contact. People with hepatitis A, Norwalk-...
Indoor Tanning Leads to Early Skin Cancer, Study Says
Indoor Tanning Leads to Early Skin Cancer, Study Says MONDAY, June 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Teens and young adults who engage in indoor tanning risk developing skin cancer at an early age, a new study finds. Once thought safer than outdoor sunbathing, indoor tanning can produce 10 to 15 times as much ultraviolet (UV) radiation as the midday sun, the study authors noted. "Our findings suggest that children and young adults who seek indoor tanning may be especially vulnerable to developing basal cell ...
Injection Treatment No Help for Hamstring Injuries, Study Says
Injection Treatment No Help for Hamstring Injuries, Study Says WEDNESDAY, June 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An expensive and unusual treatment that relies on components from a patient's own blood doesn't appear to speed recovery from hamstring muscle injuries, according to new research. The treatment is favored by top athletes, but the study found no benefit from platelet-rich plasma injections, at least when administered in a certain way. A physician who relies on the largely untested therapy says the ...
Is All That TV Killing You?
Is All That TV Killing You? WEDNESDAY, June 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Attention, binge TV watchers: New research suggests that long stretches spent glued to the tube may be more than just a guilty pleasure -- they could also shorten your life. The study of more than 13,000 seemingly healthy adults in Spain found that those who spent more than three hours a day watching television had double the risk of early death compared to those who watched less than an hour a day. "It is a little bit surprising,"...
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