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Impulsive, Agitated Behaviors May Be Warning Signs for Suicide
Impulsive, Agitated Behaviors May Be Warning Signs for Suicide SATURDAY, Aug. 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Risky behaviors such as reckless driving or sudden promiscuity, or nervous behaviors such as agitation, hand-wringing or pacing, can be signs that suicide risk may be high in depressed people, researchers report. Other warning signs may include doing things on impulse with little thought about the consequences. Depressed people with any of these symptoms are at least 50 percent more likely to attem...
Injuries Tied to Illegal Meth Labs on the Rise: CDC
Injuries Tied to Illegal Meth Labs on the Rise: CDC THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Chemical burns, respiratory ailments and even deaths tied to accidents in illegal methamphetamine labs are on the rise in the United States, a new study shows. Overall, 162 people were injured between 2001 and 2012 in the five states covered by the study. Those states were Louisiana, Oregon, Utah, New York and Wisconsin. The injuries included 26 children and 42 law enforcement officials, researchers from the ...
Impotence Drug Aids Treatment of Rare Lung Disease: Study
Impotence Drug Aids Treatment of Rare Lung Disease: Study WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A combination treatment using the erectile dysfunction drug Cialis may greatly reduce death and hospitalization from an incurable lung disease that mainly affects women, a new clinical trial shows. Cialis combined with a blood pressure medication called ambrisentan (Letairis) significantly reduced the progression of pulmonary arterial hypertension, according to results published in the Aug. 27 issue of...
Iron and Total Iron-Binding Capacity
Iron and Total Iron-Binding Capacity Do these tests have other names? Iron (Fe), serum iron, TIBC What are these tests? The serum iron test measure the amount of iron in your blood. The total iron-binding capacity (TIBC) test looks at how well the iron moves through your body. Iron is an important mineral that your body needs to stay healthy. Your body uses iron to make hemoglobin, the protein in your red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body. If you don't have enough iron, you may not ha...
Iron (Blood) Does this test have other names? Serum Fe What is this test? This test measures the level of iron in your blood. Iron is an essential trace element in your blood. It helps your body make healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout your bloodstream. Having too little or too much iron can lead to health problems. Too little iron in your body can cause a condition called anemia. When this happens, your blood doesn't have enough iron to make the number of red blood cells ne...
Intrinsic Factor Antibody
Intrinsic Factor Antibody Does this test have other names? IF antibody; intrinsic factor antibody level; intrinsic factor blocking antibody measurement; antibody level, intrinsic factor What is this test? This is a blood test for pernicious anemia, which is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B 12 . The disease used to be life-threatening, but today it can be treated with vitamin B 12 shots or pills. To get enough vitamin B 12 , your body needs a protein called intrinsic factor (IF). This protein is made ...
Insulin-Like Growth Factor
Insulin-Like Growth Factor Does this test have other names? IGF, IGF-1 What is this test? This test measures the amount of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in your blood. IGF-1 is a hormone found naturally in your blood. Its main job is to regulate the effects of growth hormone (GH) in your body. Normal IGF-1 and GH functions include tissue and bone growth. IGF-1 is formed in different tissues as a result of GH in the blood. Some disorders and diseases, such as pituitary tumors, can cause your body ...
Interacting with a Child Who Has Autism Spectrum Disorder
Interacting with a Child Who Has Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that affects how children interact and communicate. The disorder is called a spectrum disorder because children can fall anywhere on the autism spectrum. Children with an ASD begin to show symptoms of the condition at an early age, and the symptoms continue throughout childhood and adulthood. Health care providers do not know why some children get an ASD. It may be a combination of genes ...
Injectable Corticosteroids Corticosteroids are potent drugs used to reduce inflammation in the body's tissues. They are different from anabolic steroids. These are illegally used by some athletes to increase muscle tone. Corticosteroids can come in several forms: pills, liquids, creams, ointments, medicines sprayed into the nose, and injectable medicines. Corticosteroid injections can treat a variety of skeletal, muscular, and spinal conditions. Some of these injections can be performed by your health c...
Infectious Esophagitis Esophagitis is swelling and irritation of your esophagus. The esophagus is the tube you use to swallow. It connects the back of your throat to your stomach. The most common cause of this condition is stomach acid that flows back into your esophagus. But infections can also cause this swelling and irritation. Fungi, yeast, viruses, and bacteria can all set off the condition, called infectious esophagitis. Anyone can get it, but you are more likely to develop it if your immune syste...
Intradiscal Procedures for Back Pain
Intradiscal Procedures for Back Pain Sometimes back pain comes from the fluid-filled disks that make up your spine. Click Image to Enlarge The spine's 33 bony vertebrae are hooked together in a way that allows the spine to bend and move. In between the 24 vertebra that come in contact with one another is a flat, fluid-filled cushion called a disk. When the disks themselves are causing back pain or pain radiating to the legs, health care providers sometimes do an intradiscal procedure to try to relieve t...
Isosorbide Mononitrate Oral tablet
Isosorbide Mononitrate Oral tablet What is this medicine? ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE (eye soe SOR bide mon oh NYE trate) is a type of vasodilator. It relaxes blood vessels, increasing the blood and oxygen supply to your heart. This medicine is used to prevent chest pain caused by angina. It will not help to stop an episode of chest pain. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take your medicine at regular intervals....
Isosorbide Dinitrate Oral tablet
Isosorbide Dinitrate Oral tablet What is this medicine? ISOSORBIDE DINITRATE (eye soe SOR bide dye NYE trate) is a type of vasodilator. It relaxes blood vessels, increasing the blood and oxygen supply to your heart. This medicine is used to prevent chest pain caused by angina. It will not help to stop an episode of chest pain. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take this medicine on an empty stomach, at leas...
Isosorbide Dinitrate Sublingual tablet
Isosorbide Dinitrate Sublingual tablet What is this medicine? ISOSORBIDE DINITRATE (eye soe SOR bide dye NYE trate) is a type of vasodilator. It relaxes blood vessels, increasing the blood and oxygen supply to your heart. This medicine is used to prevent and to treat chest pain caused by angina. How should I use this medicine? Place this medicine under the tongue. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not cut, crush or chew this medicine. Take this medicine 15 minutes before an activity th...
Influenza Trivalent Virus Vaccine (Types A and B) Solution for injection
Influenza Trivalent Virus Vaccine (Types A and B) Solution for injection What is this medicine? INFLUENZA VIRUS VACCINE (in floo EN zuh VAHY ruhs vak SEEN) helps to reduce the risk of getting influenza also known as the flu. The vaccine only helps protect you against some strains of the flu. How should I use this medicine? This vaccine is for injection into a muscle or under the skin. It is given by a health care professional. A copy of Vaccine Information Statements will be given before each vaccinatio...
Isosorbide Mononitrate Oral tablet, extended-release
Isosorbide Mononitrate Oral tablet, extended-release What is this medicine? ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE (eye soe SOR bide mon oh NYE trate) is a vasodilator. It relaxes blood vessels, increasing the blood and oxygen supply to your heart. This medicine is used to prevent chest pain caused by angina. It will not help to stop an episode of chest pain. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not crush or chew. Take you...
Isosorbide Dinitrate, Hydralazine Hydrochloride Oral tablet
Isosorbide Dinitrate, Hydralazine Hydrochloride Oral tablet What is this medicine? HYDRALAZINE; ISOSORBIDE DINITRATE (hye DRAL a zeen; eye soe SOR bide dye NYE trate) is a combination of two vasodilator drugs. It is given in combination with other medicines to treat heart failure. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. D...
Insulin Detemir (Recombinant) Solution for injection
Insulin Detemir (Recombinant) Solution for injection What is this medicine? INSULIN DETEMIR (IN su lin DE te mir) is a human-made form of insulin. This drug lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. It is a long-acting insulin that is usually given once or twice a day. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection under the skin. Take this medicine at the same time(s) each day. Use exactly as directed. This insulin should never be mixed in the same syringe with other insulins before inj...
Insulin Glargine Solution for injection
Insulin Glargine Solution for injection What is this medicine? INSULIN GLARGINE (IN su lin GLAR geen) is a human-made form of insulin. This drug lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. It is a long-acting insulin that is usually given once a day. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection under the skin. Use this medicine at the same time each day. Use exactly as directed. This insulin should never be mixed in the same syringe with other insulins before injection. Do not vigorously...
Insulin Suspension Isophane (NPH) (Recombinant) Suspension for injection
Insulin Suspension Isophane (NPH) (Recombinant) Suspension for injection What is this medicine? ISOPHANE INSULIN (NPH) (EYE soe fane IN su lin) is a human-made form of insulin. This medicine lowers the amount of sugar in the blood. It is an intermediate-acting insulin that starts working about 1.5 hours after it is injected. How should I use this medicine? Insulin is for injection under the skin. Use exactly as directed. It is important to follow the directions given to you by your health care professio...
Insulin Glulisine Solution for injection
Insulin Glulisine Solution for injection What is this medicine? INSULIN GLULISINE (IN su lin; GLOO lis een) is a human-made form of insulin. This medicine lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. It is a fast acting insulin that starts working faster than regular insulin. It will not effect your blood sugar as long as regular insulin. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection under the skin. Use exactly as directed. You should inject this medicine 15 minutes before a meal or within...
Insulin Lispro, Insulin Lispro Protamine (NPL) Suspension for injection
Insulin Lispro, Insulin Lispro Protamine (NPL) Suspension for injection What is this medicine? INSULIN LISPRO; INSULIN LISPRO PROTAMINE (IN su lin LYE sproe; IN su lin LYE sproe PRO ta meen) is a human-made form of insulin. This drug lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. This medicine is a mixture of a rapid-acting insulin and a longer-acting insulin. It starts working quickly after injection and continues to work for as long as 12 to 24 hours. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for in...
Insulin Suspension for injection
Insulin Suspension for injection What is this medicine? INSULIN ASPART; INSULIN ASPART PROTAMINE (IN su lin AS part; IN su lin AS part PRO ta meen) is a human-made form of insulin. This drug lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. This medicine is a mixture of a rapid-acting insulin and a longer-acting insulin. It starts working 10 to 20 minutes after injection and continues to work for as long as 12 to 24 hours. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection under the skin. Use exactl...
Insulin Aspart (Recombinant) Solution for injection
Insulin Aspart (Recombinant) Solution for injection What is this medicine? INSULIN ASPART (IN su lin AS part) is a human-made form of insulin. This drug lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. It is a fast acting insulin that starts working faster than regular insulin. It will not work as long as regular insulin. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection under the skin. Use exactly as directed. It is important to follow the directions given to you by your health care professional ...
Insulin Solution for injection
Insulin Solution for injection What is this medicine? REGULAR INSULIN (REG yuh ler IN su lin) is a human-made form of insulin. This medicine lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. It is a short-acting insulin that starts working about 30 minutes after it is injected. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection under the skin. Use exactly as directed. It is important to follow the directions given to you by your doctor or health care professional. Your doctor or health care professi...
Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) Insertion
Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) Insertion Procedure overview What is an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) insertion? An implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) insertion of an electronic device just below the collarbone is used to help regulate potentially fast and life-threatening electrical problems with the heart. An ICD monitors the heart's electrical activity using wires with electrodes on the end that are placed in specific areas of the heart. The ICD responds to irreg...
Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP, Intravenous Urography, IVU, Excretory Urography) Procedure overview What is an intravenous pyelogram? An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is a type of X-ray that allows visualization of the kidneys and ureters after the injection of a contrast dye. The dye helps enhance the image on an X-ray film. As the contrast dye moves into and through the kidneys, ureters, and bladder, X-rays taken at short intervals can capture its movement. A delay in the contrast dye moving through the uri...
Informed Consent What is an informed consent form? Prior to surgery, your child's doctor will give you a careful explanation of what procedure will be performed and the risks involved. You will be asked to sign an informed consent form which states in detail that you understand the risks and benefits of your child's surgery. Who may sign the informed consent? One or both parents usually sign for a minor child. However, if the child is living with a legal guardian, the doctor will ask the legal guardian ...
Intensive Care What is intensive care following surgery? Children who require close or specialized monitoring will spend time in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) or neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), depending on their age. Intensive care is needed for children who have had certain types of major surgery, such as heart operations, organ transplants, or neurosurgery. After some surgeries, your child may remain on a breathing machine and have special monitoring lines that measure pressures in ma...
Intraoperative Care for Children
Intraoperative Care for Children Intraoperative care lasts from the time your child enters the operating room to when the surgery is complete and your child goes to the recovery room. During most of this time, your child will be asleep. Becoming knowledgeable about the anesthesia process, what the operating room looks like, and who will be present with your child in the operating room, can alleviate some of your fears. Listed in the directory below is some additional information regarding intraoperative...
Insect Stings Facts about insect stings Most insect stings cause only minor discomfort. Stings can occur anywhere on the body and can be painful and frightening for a child. Bees, wasps, yellow jackets, and hornets belong to a class of insects called hymnoptera. Stings from these insects cause 3 to 4 times more deaths than poisonous snake bites, due to severe allergic reaction. Yellow jackets cause the most allergic reactions in the U.S. Fire ants, usually found in southern states, can sting multiple ti...
Insects in the Ear
Insects in the Ear Insects may fly into the ear and become trapped when a child is playing outdoors. Other times, an insect can enter the ear while a child is sleeping. Sometimes, the insect dies after entering the ear; other times, it may remain alive and attempt to work its way back out of the ear. In either case, the insect can cause fear and discomfort for a child and the insect should be removed immediately. First-aid for insects in the ear Calm your child and let him or her know you can help. Do n...
Infant Feeding Guide
Infant Feeding Guide Appropriate and healthy feeding of your baby during the first year of life is extremely important. More growth occurs during the first year than at any other time in your child's life. For the first few months, breast milk or formula is all that's needed. As your baby grows, starting a variety of healthy foods at the proper time is important for proper growth and development. And, starting good eating habits at this early stage will help set healthy eating patterns for life. Feeding...
Intraventricular Hemorrhage What is intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH)? Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is bleeding inside or around the ventricles, the spaces in the brain containing the cerebral spinal fluid. Intraventricular means within the ventricles Hemorrhage means bleeding Intraventricular hemorrhage is most common in premature babies, especially very low birthweight babies weighing less than 1,500 grams (3 pounds, 5 ounces). Click Image to Enlarge What causes intraventricular hemorrhage? It is...
Infectious Diseases There are many different infectious diseases that require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Adenovirus Infections AIDS / HIV HIV Home Care Chickenpox Diphtheria Fifth Disease Haemophilus Influenzae Infections Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease Hepatitis Herpes Simplex Virus / Cold Sores Herpes Zoster (Shingles) Human Parainfluenza Viruses (HPIV) Impetigo Infectious Mononucleosis Influ...
Influenza (Flu) in Children
Influenza (Flu) in Children What is influenza? Influenza (flu) is a highly contagious viral infection and is one of the most severe illnesses of the winter season. Influenza is a viral infection of the upper respiratory system, which includes the nose, bronchial tubes, and lungs. Influenza has these common symptoms: Fever Muscle aches Sore throat Nonproductive cough Influenza can make people of any age ill. Although most people, including children, are ill with influenza for less than a week, some have ...
Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)
Fetal Growth Restriction (FGR) What is fetal growth restriction (FGR)? Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is when the fetus is smaller than expected for the number of weeks of pregnancy. Another term for FGR is intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Newborn babies with FGR are often described as small for gestational age. A fetus with FGR often has an estimated fetal weight less than the 10th percentile. This means that the fetus weighs less than 90% of all other fetuses of the same gestational age. A fetu...
Intravenous Line and Tubes
Intravenous Line and Tubes Because most babies in the NICU are too small or sick to take milk feedings, medications and fluids are often given through their veins or arteries. Babies may also need frequent lab tests and measurements of blood oxygen levels. There are several ways a baby may receive fluids and medications and have blood drawn without additional needle sticks, including the following: Intravenous line (IV). Babies may have an IV placed in a hand, foot, or scalp, where veins are easily acce...
Infant of Diabetic Mother
Infant of Diabetic Mother Diabetes in pregnancy There are two types of diabetes that occur in pregnancy: Gestational diabetes. This term refers to a mother who does not have diabetes before becoming pregnant but develops a resistance to insulin because of the hormones of pregnancy. Pregestational diabetes. This term describes women who already have diabetes before they become pregnant. With both types of diabetes, there can be complications for the baby. It is very important to keep tight control of blo...
Infant Play What can I do to help promote play in my infant? While all children are different and may enjoy different toys and interactions, the following are suggestions for activities and toys for the infant: Birth to 1 month Hang brightly colored objects near your infant Hang mobiles with high-contrast patterns What you can do as a parent: Sing and talk to your infant Play music Rock your infant, take him or her for walks 2 to 3 months Likes bright objects Enjoys pictures and mirrors Likes rattles En...
Infant Sleep What are the sleep needs of an infant? Sleep needs for babies vary depending on their age. While newborns do sleep much of the time, their sleep is in very short segments. As a baby grows, the total amount of sleep gradually decreases, but the length of nighttime sleep increases. Generally, newborns sleep about eight to nine hours in the daytime and about eight hours at night, but may not sleep more than one to two hours at a stretch. Most babies do not begin sleeping through the night (six...
Infant Nutrition Choosing how to feed your baby is an important decision that has life-long effects for your baby and for you. What you have seen and learned about infant feeding from your family, friends, and teachers is likely to influence your attitude and perceptions. Whether you definitely plan to breastfeed or you are still uncertain, consider the fact that your milk is the best milk for your baby. It is the ideal first food for your baby's first several months. Breastfeeding. Nature designed huma...
Infant Many common problems of infancy require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Crying Diapers / Diaper Rash Fever in a Newborn Measuring a Baby's Temperature Gastrointestinal Problems Seborrheic Dermatitis (Cradle Cap)
Identification, Treatment, and Prevention of Birth Defects
Identification, Treatment, and Prevention of Birth Defects Identifying, treating, and preventing birth defects has been and continues to be a primary goal of genetic research. The Human Genome Project Vitamin, Gene, and Enzyme Replacement Therapy Before Your Next Pregnancy When to Seek Genetic Counseling
Impetigo What is impetigo? Impetigo is a superficial infection of the skin caused by bacteria. The lesions are often grouped and have a red base. The lesions open and become crusty and have a honey color, which is typical of impetigo. Impetigo is contagious and can be spread throughout a household, with children reinfecting themselves or other family members. What causes impetigo? Common bacteria, some of which are found normally on the skin, cause impetigo. When the bacteria enter an open area in the s...
Infant Problems of the Teeth and Mouth
Infant Problems of the Teeth and Mouth Many problems that may affect an infant's teeth and mouth require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Natal Teeth Teething Thrush
Insect Stings and Allergic Reactions
Insect Stings and Allergic Reactions Avoiding insect stings may not always be possible. However, knowing how to respond if your child has an allergic reaction from an insect sting could provide more peace of mind in the event of an emergency. Insect stings that most commonly cause allergic reactions Insects that are members of the Hymenoptera family most commonly cause allergic reactions. These include the following: Bees Wasps Hornets Yellow jackets Fire ants What are the symptoms of an allergic reacti...
Infectious Mononucleosis in Teens and Young Adults
Infectious Mononucleosis in Teens and Young Adults What is infectious mononucleosis? Infectious mononucleosis is a contagious disease. It is common in teenagers and young adults. It is also called mononucleosis, "mono," glandular fever, or the "kissing disease." What causes infectious mononucleosis? Infectious mononucleosis is typically caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). The cytomegalovirus (CMV) also causes a similar illness. Both viruses are members of the herpes simplex virus family. Consider th...
Introduction to Menopause
Introduction to Menopause What is menopause? When a woman permanently stops having menstrual periods, she has reached the stage of life called menopause. Often called the change of life , this stage signals the end of a woman's ability to have children. Many health care providers actually use the term menopause to refer to the period of time when a woman's hormone levels begin to change. Menopause is said to be complete when menstrual periods have ceased for one continuous year. The transition phase bef...
Infertility Risk Factors for Men and Women
Infertility Risk Factors for Men and Women For women. General factors that can affect the ability to ovulate, conceive, or deliver a child successfully include the following: Age. Women in their late 30s and older are generally less fertile than women in their early 20s Endometriosis Chronic diseases (diabetes, lupus, arthritis, hypertension, or asthma) Hormonal imbalance Environmental factors. Cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, or exposure to workplace hazards or toxins Excessive or very low body ...
Infertility What is infertility? Infertility is defined by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) as a disease of the reproductive system that impairs the body's ability to perform the basic function of reproduction. Although conceiving a child may seem to be simple and natural, the physiological process is quite complicated and depends on the proper function of many factors, including the following, as listed by the ASRM: Production of healthy sperm by the man Production of healthy eggs ...
Impotence/Erectile Dysfunction Click Image to Enlarge What is erectile dysfunction (ED)? Impotence, or erectile dysfunction, is the inability to achieve an erection, and/or dissatisfaction with the size, rigidity, and/or duration of erections. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), erectile dysfunction affects up to 30 million men. Although in the past it was commonly believed to be due to psychological problems, it is now known that for most men erectile dysfunction is caused by physical...
Intraoperative Care During your procedure, special care is taken by all members of the surgical team to ensure that no complications arise. Below are some of the considerations that need to be made immediately prior to or during your procedure. The Day of Surgery / Getting Ready For Surgery / The Operating Room Methods of Surgery Other Techniques of Surgery Common Surgical Procedures Outpatient Surgery
Inhalers and Nebulizers
Inhalers and Nebulizers Several types of devices are used to deliver medication in a fine mist directly into the lungs. They are used to treat asthma and other lung diseases, such as chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD). These devices cause fewer side effects than medication taken by mouth or injection. Types of Inhalers The type of device you are given will depend on your: Age Ability Medical history Personal choice Severity and frequency of your symptoms The most common types of inhalers are: Meter...
Interventional Radiology What is interventional radiology? Interventional radiologists diagnose and treat disease. They treat a wide range of conditions in the body by inserting various small tools, such as catheters or wires from outside the body. X-ray and imaging techniques such as ultrasound help guide the radiologist. Interventional radiology can be used instead of surgery for many conditions. In some cases, it can eliminate the need for hospitalization. Who is the interventional radiologist? The i...
Illegal Drug Use and Pregnancy
Illegal Drug Use and Pregnancy The risks involved with illegal drug use during pregnancy The effects of illegal drugs, like cocaine, can be devastating on a fetus. Unfortunately, many women of childbearing age in the U.S. use some form of illegal drug. A mother taking illegal drugs during pregnancy increases her risk for anemia, blood and heart infections, skin infections, hepatitis, and other infectious diseases. She also is at greater risk for sexually transmitted diseases. Almost every drug passes fr...
Immunology and Serology
Immunology and Serology What are immunology and serology? Immunology is the study of the body's immune system and its functions and disorders. Serology is the study of blood serum (the clear fluid that separates when blood clots). Immunology and serology laboratories focus on the following: Identifying antibodies (proteins made by a type of white blood cell in response to an antigen, a foreign substance, in the body) Investigating problems with the immune system, such as autoimmune diseases (when the bo...
Illustration of the Mouth
Illustration of the Mouth Click Image to Enlarge Illustration of a tooth Click to Enlarge
Infectious Mononucleosis What is infectious mononucleosis? Infectious mononucleosis, also known as mononucleosis, "mono," or glandular fever, is characterized by swollen lymph glands, fever, sore throat, and chronic fatigue. What causes infectious mononucleosis? Infectious mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). A variant of mononucleosis that is milder than EBV infectious mononucleosis is caused by the cytomegalovirus (CMV). Both EBV and CMV are members of the herpes virus family: In t...
The Immune System What is the immune system? The immune system works to keep germs out of the body and destroy any that get in. The immune system is made up of a complex network of cells and organs that protect the body from infection. The Immune System - Click to Enlarge Lymph nodes are part of the immune system. They release lymphocytes, a certain type of white blood cell that fights infection. The blood vessels and lymph vessels carry the lymphocytes to and from different areas in the body. Each lymp...
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One Hospital Drive , Huntsville, AL 35801
Copyright 2015. All rights reserved.