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Despite Pockets of Resistance, Most U.S. Kids Getting Vaccinated
Despite Pockets of Resistance, Most U.S. Kids Getting Vaccinated THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More than nine out of 10 U.S. children entered kindergarten last school year protected with the proper immunizations, federal health officials reported Thursday. But, vaccination rates continue to lag in a number of states -- a worrisome finding, especially in light of the recent measles outbreak, officials said. Average vaccination coverage for new kindergarteners was 94 percent for the measles/...
Dehydroepiandrosterone and Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate
Dehydroepiandrosterone and Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate Does this test have other names? DHEA, DHEA-S What is this test? This test measures the level of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) in your blood. It may also be used to check how well your adrenal glands are working. DHEA is a hormone made by your adrenal glands and to a lesser degree by the ovaries and testes. DHEA is changed into DHEA-S in your adrenal glands and liver. In both men and women, the sex horm...
Deamidated Gliadin Antibody
Deamidated Gliadin Antibody Does this test have other names? Deamidated gliadin peptide antibodies, DGP, DGP-AGA What is this test? This test looks for the level of deamidated gliadin antibodies (DMG) in your blood. Gliadin is one of the main proteins in gluten. The test is used to help find out whether you have celiac disease, an autoimmune disease. If you have celiac disease, your immune system responds abnormally to gluten, which is mainly found in wheat, barley, and rye products. It's also found in ...
D-Dimer Does this test have other names? Fragment D-dimer, fibrin degradation fragment What is this test? This is a blood test to look for a substance called D-dimer. This test is used to rule out a blood clot. D-dimer is a protein fragment from the break down of a blood clot. Blood clots generally begin to slowly break down after they are formed, and this process releases D-dimer into the blood. Why do I need this test? You may need this test if your health care provider suspects you have a dangerous b...
Diagnosing Anemia in Children
Diagnosing Anemia in Children Anemia is a common condition in children. About 20 percent of children in the U.S. will be diagnosed with anemia at some point. A child who is anemic does not have enough red blood cells or enough hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a special type of protein that allows red blood cells to carry oxygen to other cells in the body. Click to Enlarge Anemia has three main causes: loss of red blood cells from bleeding; inability to make enough red blood cells; and a medical condition that ...
Defects in Metabolism of Amino Acids: PKU
Defects in Metabolism of Amino Acids: PKU One condition that all newborns in the U.S. are screened for is phenylketonuria (PKU), a metabolic disorder passed down from both parents. Before the simple blood test that checks for PKU became routine, the condition could go undetected long enough to cause severe intellectual disability. Now the disorder can be diagnosed before it leads to any damage. What is PKU? PKU is caused by a defect in a gene known as the PAH gene. This defect changes the way that the a...
Deep Brain Stimulation
Deep Brain Stimulation What is deep brain stimulation? Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a type of therapy that uses electrical stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease (PD), essential tremor, multiple sclerosis, and certain other neurological conditions. DBS can be effective in treating movement problems such as tremors, stiffness, difficulty in walking, and slowed movement. Doctors may use DBS when medications have become less effective and/or when side effects of the medications interfere with daily ac...
Dystonia Dystonia is a disorder that affects the way the body moves. It causes the muscles to contract, which makes them move involuntarily or get stuck in an abnormal position. Dystonia can affect the entire body or a certain part, and the movements can sometimes cause pain. Facts about dystonia Although experts aren't exactly sure what causes dystonia, it is thought to be related to a problem in the part of the brain called the basal ganglia . This is where the brain processes the information that hel...
Dietary Changes for Celiac Disease
Dietary Changes for Celiac Disease Celiac disease is a disorder that damages your small intestine and keeps it from absorbing the nutrients in food. The damage to your intestinal tract is caused by your immune system's reaction to gluten. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. When you have celiac disease, gluten causes your immune system to damage or destroy villi. These are the tiny, fingerlike tubules that line your small intestine. The villi’s job is to get food nutrients to the blood ...
Dealing with Discrimination When You Have HIV
Dealing with Discrimination When You Have HIV We've come a long way in our understanding of HIV and AIDS, but discrimination against people with HIV/AIDS is still rampant. Advances in research have made it possible to live with the disease, as people do with other chronic illnesses. But the greatest challenge for many people is still the stigma that accompanies the illness. You may worry about what others will think about your diagnosis. Or you may fear coming out as gay or bisexual, or as an intravenou...
Dofetilide Oral capsule
Dofetilide Oral capsule What is this medicine? DOFETILIDE (doe FET il ide) is an antiarrhythmic drug. It helps make your heart beat regularly. This medicine also helps to slow rapid heartbeats. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You can take this medicine with or without food. Do not drink grapefruit juice with this medicine. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than dir...
Diltiazem Hydrochloride Oral tablet
Diltiazem Hydrochloride Oral tablet What is this medicine? DILTIAZEM (dil TYE a zem) is a calcium-channel blocker. It affects the amount of calcium found in your heart and muscle cells. This relaxes your blood vessels, which can reduce the amount of work the heart has to do. This medicine is used to treat chest pain caused by angina. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not cut, crush or chew this medicine....
Dextroamphetamine Sulfate Oral solution
Dextroamphetamine Sulfate Oral solution What is this medicine? DEXTROAMPHETAMINE (dex troe am FET a meen) is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It may also be used for narcolepsy. Federal law prohibits giving this medicine to any person other than the person for whom it was prescribed. Do not share this medicine with anyone else. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Use a specially marked spoon or contai...
Desvenlafaxine Succinate Oral tablet, extended-release
Desvenlafaxine Succinate Oral tablet, extended-release What is this medicine? DESVENLAFAXINE (des VEN la FAX een) is used to treat depression. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a drink of water. Do not crush, cut or chew. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not stop taking this medicine suddenly except upon the advice of your doctor. Stopping this medicine too quickly ...
Dasatinib Oral tablet
Dasatinib Oral tablet What is this medicine? DASATINIB (da SA ti nib) is a chemotherapy drug. It targets specific proteins within cancer cells and stops the cancer cells from growing. It is used to treat some kinds of leukemia. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You can take it with or without food. Do not cut, crush or chew this medicine. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine mo...
Darunavir Oral tablet
Darunavir Oral tablet What is this medicine? DARUNAVIR (da ROON a veer) is an antiretroviral medicine. It is used with other medicines to treat HIV. This medicine is not a cure for HIV. It will not stop the spread of HIV to others. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take this medicine with food. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. For your anti-HIV the...
Double Antibiotic/Corticosteroid Ophthalmic ointment
Double Antibiotic/Corticosteroid Ophthalmic ointment What is this medicine? DEXAMETHASONE; NEOMYCIN; POLYMYXIN B (dex a METH a sone; nee oh MYE sin; pol i MIX in B) is a combination of a steroid and antibiotics. It helps to reduce swelling, redness, and itching of the eye. It also is used to treat eye infections. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is only for use in the eye. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Wash hands before and after use. Tilt your head back slightly and pull...
Donepezil Hydrochloride Oral disintegrating tablet
Donepezil Hydrochloride Oral disintegrating tablet What is this medicine? DONEPEZIL (doe NEP e zil) is used to treat mild to moderate dementia caused by Alzheimer's disease. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Place the tablet in the mouth and allow it to dissolve, then swallow. While you may take these tablets with water, it is not necessary to do so. You may take this medicine with or without food. Take your doses at regular int...
Dexmethylphenidate Hydrochloride Oral capsule, extended-release
Dexmethylphenidate Hydrochloride Oral capsule, extended-release What is this medicine? DEXMETHYLPHENIDATE (dex meth ill FEN i date) is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Federal law prohibits the transfer of this medicine to any person other than the person for whom it was prescribed. Do not share this medicine with anyone else. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Swallow whole. Do not cr...
Donepezil Hydrochloride Oral solution
Donepezil Hydrochloride Oral solution What is this medicine? DONEPEZIL (doe NEP e zil) is used to treat mild to moderate dementia caused by Alzheimer's disease. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Use a specially marked spoon or container to measure your dose. Ask your pharmacist if you do not have one. Household spoons are not accurate. You may take this medicine with or without food. Take your doses at regular intervals, usually...
Duloxetine Oral capsule, gastro-resistant pellets
Duloxetine Oral capsule, gastro-resistant pellets What is this medicine? DULOXETINE (doo LOX e teen) is used to treat depression, anxiety, and different types of chronic pain. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not cut, crush or chew this medicine. You can take this medicine with or without food. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not stop takin...
Dextroamphetamine Sulfate Oral capsule, extended-release
Dextroamphetamine Sulfate Oral capsule, extended-release What is this medicine? DEXTROAMPHETAMINE (dex troe am FET a meen) is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It may also be used for narcolepsy. Federal law prohibits giving this medicine to any person other than the person for whom it was prescribed. Do not share this medicine with anyone else. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label....
Dextroamphetamine Sulfate Oral tablet
Dextroamphetamine Sulfate Oral tablet What is this medicine? DEXTROAMPHETAMINE (dex troe am FET a meen) is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It may also be used for narcolepsy. Federal law prohibits giving this medicine to any person other than the person for whom it was prescribed. Do not share this medicine with anyone else. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take your medicine...
Docetaxel Solution for injection
Docetaxel Solution for injection What is this medicine? DOCETAXEL (doe se TAX el) is a chemotherapy drug. It targets fast dividing cells, like cancer cells, and causes these cells to die. This medicine is used to treat many types of cancers like breast cancer, certain stomach cancers, head and neck cancer, lung cancer, and prostate cancer. How should I use this medicine? This drug is given as an infusion into a vein. It is administered in a hospital or clinic by a specially trained health care professio...
Dexmethylphenidate Hydrochloride Oral tablet
Dexmethylphenidate Hydrochloride Oral tablet What is this medicine? DEXMETHYLPHENIDATE (dex meth ill FEN i date) is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Federal law prohibits the transfer of this medicine to any person other than the person for whom it was prescribed. Do not share this medicine with anyone else. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You can take this medicine with or without ...
Donepezil Hydrochloride Oral tablet
Donepezil Hydrochloride Oral tablet What is this medicine? DONEPEZIL (doe NEP e zil) is used to treat mild to moderate dementia caused by Alzheimer's disease. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You may take this medicine with or without food. Take this medicine at regular intervals. This medicine is usually taken before bedtime. Do not take it more often than directed. Continue to take your medicine even if ...
Dalteparin Sodium (Porcine) Solution for injection
Dalteparin Sodium (Porcine) Solution for injection What is this medicine? DALTEPARIN (dal te PA rin) is used in combination with aspirin to prevent complications caused by unstable angina or heart attack. This medicine may be given to prevent blood clots in patients having a hip-replacement or abdominal surgery. It may also be used during the first few days after any surgery when patients are not able to walk. This is when blood clots are most likely to form. How should I use this medicine? This medicin...
Dinoprostone Vaginal suppository
Dinoprostone Vaginal suppository What is this medicine? DINOPROSTONE (dye noe PROST one), also known as PROSTAGLANDIN E2 (pros tuh GLAN din E2) stimulates contractions to empty the uterus. Sometimes it is used after a miscarriage. It can be used when necessary to induce abortion between the 12th and 20th week of pregnancy. This medicine may also be used to treat a condition called benign hydatidiform mole. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is inserted into the vagina by a health-care profess...
Diazepam Rectal gel
Diazepam Rectal gel What is this medicine? DIAZEPAM (dye AZ e pam) is a benzodiazepine. It is used to treat certain types of seizures. How should I use this medicine? Patients and caregivers should thoroughly read and understand how to use medicine. Follow the directions given to you by your doctor or health care professional. You may be prescribed a second dose. If a second dose is needed, give it 4 to 12 hours after the first dose. If you have any questions about the medicine, you may call 1-877-361-2...
Digestive and Liver Disorders Overview
Digestive and Liver Disorders Overview What is digestion? Food and drink must be changed into smaller molecules of nutrients to be absorbed into the blood and carried to cells throughout the body. Digestion is the process by which food and drink are broken down into smaller parts so that the body can use them to build and nourish cells, and to provide energy. Click Image to Enlarge How does the digestive process work? Digestion involves: The mixing of food with digestive juices The movement of food thro...
Dialysis What is dialysis? Dialysis is a procedure that is done routinely on people who have acute or chronic kidney (renal) failure. The process involves removing waste substances and fluid from the blood that are normally eliminated by the kidneys. Dialysis may also be used for people who have been exposed to or ingested toxic substances to prevent kidney failure from occurring. There are 2 types of dialysis that may be done on your child: peritoneal or hemodialysis: Peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal di...
Discharge from the Hospital
Discharge from the Hospital When will my child be discharged? If your child is having minor surgery, he or she may be discharged home a few hours after the procedure. Your child's health care team will make sure that he or she is fully awake, that vital signs (for example, heart rate, breathing rate, temperature, and blood pressure) are normal, and that he or she can take some liquids by mouth without vomiting. Even after minor surgery, some children will remain in the hospital overnight for observation...
Discomforts and Complications After Surgery
Discomforts and Complications After Surgery What are some common postoperative discomforts? The amount of discomfort after surgery depends on the type of surgery done. Some typical discomforts include: Nausea and vomiting (from general anesthesia) Soreness in the throat (if the patient needs artificial ventilation; caused by a tube placed in the windpipe to assist breathing during surgery) Soreness and swelling around the incision site Restlessness and sleeplessness Thirst Constipation and flatulence Wh...
Diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis
Diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed? In addition to a complete medical history and physical exam, other tests for cystic fibrosis (CF) may include: Sweat (chloride) test. This test measures the amount of chloride in the sweat. It's done by placing a solution on the forearm (or the thigh, if the child is too small) and attaching electrodes. The skin is stimulated to sweat with a mild electric current, which does not cause pain or harm to your child. The sweat is collected onto a...
Diapers/Diaper Rash Diapering your baby An essential part of every baby's care is diapering. Until a child is toilet-trained, usually around 3 years of age, diapers are used to collect urine and bowel movements. It is estimated that a baby uses 6 to 10 diapers each day. This translates to about 2,000 to 3,000 diapers each year. With so many diaper changes, you may want to know how to make this task quicker and easier. Generally, you can choose either cloth or disposable diapers. Each type has advantages...
Diagnostic Tests for Neurological Disorders in Children
Diagnostic Tests for Neurological Disorders in Children There are many different diagnostic tests that may help to evaluate the functioning of the nervous system. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Diagnostic Tests Overview Electroencephalogram (EEG) Spinal Tap or Lumbar Puncture Neurological Examination
Developmental Disorders Developmental disorders are one category of mental health problems. The category identifies children who have difficulty accomplishing early developmental tasks such as language, communication, socialization, and motor skills. Treatment of developmental disorders usually includes medication and specialized training to assist the child in developing needed skills. Many different types of developmental disorders require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. L...
Diphtheria in Children
Diphtheria in Children What is diphtheria? Diphtheria, a childhood disease that was common in the 1930s, is an acute bacterial disease that can infect the body in two areas: The throat, nose, and tonsils (respiratory diphtheria) The skin (skin or cutaneous diphtheria) A vaccine against diphtheria has made it very rare today in the U.S. and other developed countries. How is diphtheria transmitted? The diphtheria bacterium can enter the body through the nose and mouth. However, it can also enter through a...
Diabetes and Pregnancy
Diabetes and Pregnancy What is diabetes? Diabetes is a condition in which the body can't produce enough insulin, or it can't use it properly. Insulin is the hormone that allows glucose (sugar) to enter the cells to be used as fuel. When glucose cannot enter the cells, it builds up in the blood. This is called hyperglycemia or high blood sugar. Damage from diabetes comes from the effects of hyperglycemia on other organ systems including the eyes, kidneys, heart, blood vessels, and nerves. In early pregna...
Doppler Flow Studies
Doppler Flow Studies What is a Doppler flow study? Doppler flow is a type of ultrasound that uses sound waves to measure the flow of blood through a blood vessel. Waveforms of the blood flow are shown on the ultrasound screen. Doppler flow studies may be used to assess blood flow in the umbilical vein and arteries, fetal brain, fetal heart, and other organs. Doppler flow is sometimes called Doppler velocimetry. A Doppler flow study is often used when a fetus has intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), w...
Digestive Disorders in Children
Digestive Disorders in Children Many digestive disorders may require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Some digestive disorders are congenital (present at birth) while others occur after birth. Listed in the directory below is some additional information regarding digestive disorders in high-risk newborns, for which we have provided a brief overview. Necrotizing Enterocolitis Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER)
Disciplining Your Child at Any Age
Disciplining Your Child at Any Age Each child is different, but most children need to be given clear rules about behavior. Discipline needs to begin as soon as a child is pulling up and crawling. Young infants rely on their parents to provide a safe environment. Discipline should be age-focused. And it should teach age-appropriate behaviors. Things to keep in mind Some general values about discipline include: Be a good role model for your child. Try to recognize and praise your child when he or she is b...
Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTaP)
Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTaP) What are diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis? Diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus are serious diseases. Diphtheria. Diphtheria is an acute bacterial disease that can infect the body in two areas: The throat (respiratory diphtheria) The skin (skin or cutaneous diphtheria) The diphtheria bacterium can enter the body through the nose and mouth. However, it can also enter through a break in the skin. It is transmitted from person-to-person by fluids from the lungs, no...
Discipline One of the greatest challenges of raising a child is knowing how to properly provide discipline. Discipline is the way in which parents teach their children how they are expected to behave and what is not acceptable. It is different than punishment, which is an action that is the result of unacceptable behaviors. Discipline is an ongoing, consistent means of teaching your child and structuring his or her behavior. Listed in the directory below you will find some additional information regardi...
Dental Procedures for Children
Dental Procedures for Children Many dental procedures are used to treat diseases and conditions of the teeth and mouth. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Orthodontics / Braces Fillings Sealants Wisdom Teeth Extraction
Deviated Septum in Children
Deviated Septum in Children What is a deviated septum? The nasal septum is made of cartilage and bone. It divides the nose into two separate chambers. A deviated septum is a septum that has shifted away from the midline. This may block airflow or drainage of the sinuses. It is estimated that 80% of people have a deviated septum, although many do not realize it. The most common symptom from a deviated septum is difficulty breathing through the nose. The symptoms are usually worse on one side, and in some...
Dermoid Cyst What is a dermoid cyst? A dermoid cyst is a pocket or cavity under the skin. It contains tissues normally present in the outer layers of the skin. The pocket forms a mass that is sometimes visible at birth or in early infancy but often is not seen until later years. Dermoid cysts are usually found on the head or neck and face, but can happen anywhere on the body. What causes a dermoid cyst? A dermoid cyst is a congenital defect (present from birth) that happens during embryonic development ...
Diarrhea in Children
Diarrhea in Children What is diarrhea? Diarrhea is defined either as watery stool or increased frequency (or both) when compared to a normal amount. It is a common problem that may last a few days and disappear on its own. Diarrhea may be: Acute (short-term, usually lasting several days), which is usually related to bacterial or viral infections. Chronic (long-term, lasting longer than four weeks), which may have a variety of causes, such as irritable bowel syndrome, or may be due to chronic diseases su...
Diabetes Insipidus in Children
Diabetes Insipidus in Children What is diabetes insipidus? Diabetes insipidus is a condition that results from insufficient production of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH), or vasopressin. ADH helps the kidneys and body conserve the correct amount of water. For this reason, it's also called "water diabetes." Normally, ADH controls the kidneys' concentration of urine. It is secreted by the hypothalamus (a small gland located at the base of the brain), stored in the pituitary gland, and then released into th...
Delayed Puberty What is delayed puberty? Puberty is said to be delayed when physical signs do not appear by age 13 for girls or age 14 for boys. Delayed puberty may run in families. However, delayed puberty may also be due to chromosomal abnormalities, genetic disorders, chronic illnesses, or tumors that damage the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus in the brain, which make hormones that regulate sexual maturation. What are the symptoms of delayed puberty? Lacking signs of puberty is the primary indica...
Drug Rashes in Children
Drug Rashes in Children What are drug rashes? Drug rashes are the body's reaction to a certain medicine. The type of rash that happens depends on the type of drug that is causing it. Rashes can range from mild to severe. Rashes caused by drugs can be categorized in the following groups: Rashes caused by an allergic reaction to the medicine Rashes produced as an unwanted effect of a particular medicine Rashes due to hypersensitivity to sunlight caused by the medicine Drug rashes may be severe and require...
Diaper Dermatitis What is diaper dermatitis? Diaper dermatitis, commonly known as diaper rash, is a term used to describe different skin rashes in the diapered area. The rash is usually red, scaling and, rarely, ulcerated. It is most commonly seen in infants between the ages of 9 and 12 months, but may begin within the first 2 months of life. What causes diaper dermatitis? Possible contributors to diaper dermatitis include the following: Irritation. This is from urine and feces trapped in the diaper. Ca...
Describing a Child's Skin Condition
Describing a Child's Skin Condition Terms used to describe a skin condition Your health care provider may use some of the terms below to describe your child's skin condition. Atrophic Thin, wrinkled Blister Fluid-filled under or within the epidermis Crust/scab Formation of dried blood, pus, or other skin fluid over a break in the skin Cyst Thin-walled lesion that contains fluid and is under the skin and may be deep in tissue. Excoriation A scratch Hives/wheals Welts/urticaria Pink or white swelling of t...
Dental Health Overview
Dental Health Overview Most pediatric dentists will agree that regular dental care should begin by 1 year of age, with a dental check-up at least twice each year after for most children. Some children may need more frequent evaluations and care. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) recommends the following: Birth to 6 months of age Clean the infant's mouth with gauze or use a soft infant toothbrush after feedings and at bedtime. Consult your child's pediatrician or pediatric dentist regard...
Deformational Plagiocephaly What is deformational plagiocephaly? Deformational (or positional) plagiocephaly refers to a misshapen (asymmetrical) shape of the head (cranium) from repeated pressure to the same area of the head. Plagiocephaly literally means oblique head, from the Greek words plagio for oblique and cephale for head. How is deformational plagiocephaly different from craniosynostosis? Craniosynostosis is premature fusion of one or more of the sutures in the skull. True synostosis may limit ...
Diagnosing and Evaluating Heart Disease in Children
Diagnosing and Evaluating Heart Disease in Children Diagnosing and evaluating heart disease in children can be complex and requires clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in the directory below are some means by which heart disease in children is evaluated and diagnosed, for which we have provided a brief overview. Physical Examination Blood Tests Chest X-Ray EKG / ECG Holter Monitoring Exercise (EKG / ECG) Testing for Children Tilt Table Evaluation Echocardiography Transe...
Diagnostic Procedures for Allergy in Children
Diagnostic Procedures for Allergy in Children Diagnostic tests for allergy may include any or all of the following: Skin tests. The skin test is a very accurate test that measures your child's level of IgE antibodies in response to certain allergens or triggers. Using small amounts of solutions that contain different allergens, your child's doctor will either inject under the skin or apply the allergens with a small scratch. A reaction would appear as a small red area. A reaction to the skin test does n...
Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents
Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents What is dysmenorrhea? Dysmenorrhea is a menstrual condition characterized by severe and frequent menstrual cramps and pain associated with menstruation. Dysmenorrhea may be classified as primary or secondary. Primary dysmenorrhea. From the beginning and usually lifelong; severe and frequent menstrual cramping caused by severe and abnormal uterine contractions. Secondary dysmenorrhea. Due to some physical cause and usually of later onset; painful menstrual periods caused by an...
Determining Body Mass Index for Teens
Determining Body Mass Index for Teens What is body mass index? Determining how much your adolescent should weigh is not a simple matter of looking at an insurance height-weight chart. It includes considering the amount of bone, muscle, and fat in his or her body. The amount of fat is the critical measurement. A good indicator of how much fat your adolescent carries is the body mass index (BMI). Although it is not a perfect measure, it gives a fairly accurate assessment of how much of your teen's body is...
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Click Image to Enlarge The term venous thromboembolism (VTE) is used to describe 2 conditions, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) . This term is used because the 2 conditions are very closely related. And, because their prevention and treatment are also closely related. Deep vein thrombosis is a blood clot or thrombus in a deep vein. They are most common in the leg. But 1 may develop in the arm or other part of the body. Part of the clot, called an embolus ...
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One Hospital Drive , Huntsville, AL 35801
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One Hospital Drive , Huntsville, AL 35801
Copyright 2015. All rights reserved.