Circumcision Past Newborn Stage Poses Risk for Boys, Study Finds
Circumcision Past Newborn Stage Poses Risk for Boys, Study Finds MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Circumcision is typically done in the first days or weeks of life, but about 6 percent of U.S. boys have the procedure later, which increases the risk of complications and increases costs, according to new research. The study analyzed insurance billing data that estimated circumcision rates in 2010 for babies up to 1 month (neonates) and older infants up to 1 year old. Of more than 156,000 circumci...
CDC Monitoring 76 Hospital Workers in Dallas for Ebola Exposure
CDC Monitoring 76 Hospital Workers in Dallas for Ebola Exposure TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Public health officials are actively monitoring 76 Dallas hospital workers who may have been exposed to Ebola while treating Thomas Eric Duncan, the first patient diagnosed with the deadly virus in the United States. Officials identified the workers after one of Duncan's nurses, Nina Pham, tested positive for Ebola, opening up the possibility that others might have been exposed through contact with...
Could Vitamin D Make Childbirth Less Painful?
Could Vitamin D Make Childbirth Less Painful? TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Low vitamin D levels could make childbirth more painful, according to a new study. Vitamin D deficiency is common during pregnancy, especially among high-risk women, including vegetarians, those with little sun exposure, and members of ethnic minorities, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists says. The new study included 93 pregnant women whose vitamin D levels were checked before childbirth and who...
Calm, Positive Family Meals May Help Keep Kids Slim
Calm, Positive Family Meals May Help Keep Kids Slim MONDAY, Oct. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Positive, calm and friendly family meals might help a child avoid becoming overweight or obese, a new study suggests. Children seem to be less likely to add on extra pounds if their family meals feature pleasant conversation, positive encouragement and no disorder caused by kids acting out, University of Minnesota researchers said. For the study, they watched dozens of hours of video recordings of family meals....
Chewing Gum Before Surgery Safe: Report
Chewing Gum Before Surgery Safe: Report SUNDAY, Oct. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- It's safe to chew gum while fasting before surgery, researchers report. Patients are usually told not to eat or drink before surgery to prevent complications while they're under anesthesia, but it wasn't clear if the same was true for chewing gum. This new study included 67 patients who underwent gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures. About half the patients were allowed to chew gum until just before the start of the proc...
Common Childhood Vaccine Cuts 'Superbug' Infection: Study
Common Childhood Vaccine Cuts 'Superbug' Infection: Study FRIDAY, Oct. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The childhood pneumococcal vaccine helps children avoid the suffering and danger of ear infections, meningitis and pneumonia. And a new study suggests it may provide an added bonus: cutting down on infections from antibiotic-resistant "superbugs." First used in children in 2010, the pneumococcal vaccine was linked to a 62 percent reduction between 2009 and 2013 of drug-resistant infections of bacterial pn...
Coaches Don't Always Protect Young Pitchers' Arms: Study
Coaches Don't Always Protect Young Pitchers' Arms: Study FRIDAY, Oct. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Counting pitches reduces young pitchers' risk of arm damage, but many coaches don't use this method consistently, according to a new study. Researchers surveyed 61 youth baseball coaches in Cincinnati and northeast Ohio, and found that all of them were familiar with pitch counts and limited the number of pitches thrown by players in some way. The results also showed that 92 percent of the coaches knew that...
Contact Sports Boost Spread of 'Superbug' Germs, Study Says
Contact Sports Boost Spread of 'Superbug' Germs, Study Says THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- College athletes in contact sports such as football and soccer are more than twice as likely as other college athletes to carry a superbug known as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), new research finds. "This study shows that even outside of a full-scale outbreak, when athletes are healthy and there are no infections, there are still a substantial number of them who are colonized with ...
Chain Restaurants Cutting Calories
Chain Restaurants Cutting Calories WEDNESDAY, Oct. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Eating out might not be as bad for your waistline as you might think. New research shows that newer menu selections at many large chain restaurants in the United States now average 12 percent fewer calories than traditional dishes. This switch could have a major impact on the nation's obesity epidemic, the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers said. The findings are from an analysis of menu selections at...
Cancer Diagnosis Can Take Toll on Mental Health, Study Finds
Cancer Diagnosis Can Take Toll on Mental Health, Study Finds MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- One out of three people diagnosed with cancer also wind up struggling with a mental health disorder such as anxiety or depression, a new study from Germany reports. Many people seem to cope with the natural stress of a cancer diagnosis, but for about 32 percent of cancer patients, the diagnosis may prompt a full-blown psychological disorder, said study lead author Anja Mehnert, a professor of psychosoci...
Certain Meds, Driving Can Be Deadly Mix: FDA
Certain Meds, Driving Can Be Deadly Mix: FDA TUESDAY, Oct. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Thinking about taking a drive after popping some over-the-counter medications? Better check the label first, warn experts at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The agency cautions that some common nonprescription medicines can impair your ability to drive and operate other vehicles and machinery safely. Some of the most common of these drugs include certain types of nonprescription antihistamines, anti-diarrheals,...
Certain Autoimmune Drugs in Pregnancy May Up Newborn Infection Risk: Study
Certain Autoimmune Drugs in Pregnancy May Up Newborn Infection Risk: Study FRIDAY, Oct. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- When given to pregnant women, a common treatment for ulcerative colitis may inadvertently lower their baby's ability to fight off infections at birth, new French research suggests. The treatment, called anti-TNF therapy, is an injected, artificial antibody. This type of medication is widely seen as a safe and effective way to tackle a wide range of autoimmune disorders, such as rheumatoid ...
Cancer Treatments in Pregnancy Safe for Offspring, Small Studies Find
Cancer Treatments in Pregnancy Safe for Offspring, Small Studies Find THURSDAY, Oct. 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Children whose mothers undergo chemotherapy or radiation for cancer during pregnancy are not at increased risk for mental development or heart problems, two small studies suggest. Some doctors are reluctant to administer these treatments to pregnant women due to concerns about the potential impact the therapies may have on their children, the study authors noted. In one study, researchers ass...
CDC Monitoring Those Who Had Contact With Ebola Patient
CDC Monitoring Those Who Had Contact With Ebola Patient WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Federal health officials are monitoring up to 18 people who were exposed to the man being treated at a Dallas hospital for the first confirmed case of Ebola in the United States. Some of the 18 people are members of the man's family. The group also includes five schoolchildren as well as the three-member ambulance crew that transported the man on Sunday to Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital, according to ...
Could a Fading Sense of Smell Point to Earlier Death?
Could a Fading Sense of Smell Point to Earlier Death? WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults who have trouble smelling the roses -- literally -- may face an increased risk of dying in the next several years, new research suggests. In a study of over 3,000 older Americans, researchers found those who were unable to detect scents such as rose, orange and peppermint were more than three times as likely to die in the next five years, versus those with a sharp sense of smell. In fact, anosm...
Children and Obesity
Campylobacter Infection in Children
Campylobacter Infection in Children Campylobacter is a bacterium that can cause a mild to serious intestinal infection called campylobacteriosis. Symptoms often include cramping, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever. Facts about campylobacteriosis The campylobacter bacteria mostly affect infants, teenagers, and young adults. The CDC estimates that over 1.3 million cases of campylobacter occur in the U.S. each year. However, this is just an estimate because most of the cases go undiagnosed and unreported....
Cat Scratch Disease in Children
Cat Scratch Disease in Children Cat scratch disease is an illness that can occur after being bitten or scratched by a cat. It is caused when the Bartonella henselae bacteria carried by cats gets under the skin in a human. Cats, and especially kittens, become infected with the cat scratch bacteria from fleas. But, fleas probably do not spread the bacteria to humans. Cats that are carrying the bacteria don't get sick and don't need to be treated. Cat scratch disease often goes away on its own in 2 to 4 mo...
Catheter Ablation If you have been diagnosed with a heart arrhythmia–a problem with the rate or rhythm of your heartbeat–your doctor may recommend a procedure called catheter ablation to improve your condition. Facts about catheter ablation Also known as a cardiac ablation or radiofrequency ablation, this procedure guides a tube into your heart to destroy small areas of heart tissue that may be causing your abnormal heartbeat. Not everyone with a heart arrhythmia needs a catheter ablation. It’s usually ...
Carbidopa, Levodopa, Entacapone Oral tablet
Carbidopa, Levodopa, Entacapone Oral tablet What is this medicine? CARBIDOPA; LEVODOPA; ENTACAPONE (kar bi DOE pa; lee voe DOE pa; en TA ka pone) is used to treat Parkinson's disease. Carbidopa and entacapone help levodopa to work better. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not cut, crush, or chew this medicine. Take only one tablet of this medicine at each dose. You can take this medicine with or without ...
Citalopram Hydrobromide Oral solution
Citalopram Hydrobromide Oral solution What is this medicine? CITALOPRAM (sye TAL oh pram) is used to treat depression. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Use a specially marked spoon or container to measure your medicine. Ask your pharmacist if you do not have one. Household spoons are not accurate. This medicine can be taken with or without food. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than ...
Citalopram Hydrobromide Oral tablet
Citalopram Hydrobromide Oral tablet What is this medicine? CITALOPRAM (sye TAL oh pram) is a medicine for depression. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You can take it with or without food. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not stop taking this medicine suddenly except upon the advice of your doctor. Stopping this medicine too quickly may cause s...
Carotid Endarterectomy/Carotid Artery Stenting
Carotid Endarterectomy/Carotid Artery Stenting (Endarterectomy-Carotid, CEA, Carotid Artery Angioplasty with Stenting, CAS, Carotid Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty, CPTA/Stenting) Procedure overview What are carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting? Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CAS) are procedures performed to treat carotid artery disease in certain circumstances. Carotid artery disease, also called carotid artery stenosis, occurs when the carotid arteries, t...
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG)
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG) (CABG, Open Heart Surgery, Bypass Surgery) Procedure overview What is coronary artery bypass surgery? Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is a procedure used to treat coronary artery disease in certain circumstances. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the narrowing of the coronary arteries (the blood vessels that supply oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle), caused by a buildup of fatty material within the walls of the arteries. This buildup causes t...
Cardiac Catheterization (Cardiac Cath, Coronary Arteriogram, Coronary Angiogram) Procedure overview What is cardiac catheterization? Cardiac catheterization is performed to further evaluate coronary artery disease, valvular heart disease, congestive heart failure, and/or certain congenital (present at birth) heart conditions, such as atrial septal defect or ventricular septal defect, when other less invasive types of diagnostic tests indicate the presence of one of these conditions. In cardiac catheteri...
Cesarean Delivery (Cesarean Section, C-section, Cesarean Birth) Procedure overview What is a cesarean delivery? Click Image to Enlarge Cesarean delivery (also called a cesarean section or C-section) is the surgical delivery of a baby by an incision through the mother's abdomen (belly) and uterus(womb). This procedure is done when it is determined to be a safer method than a vaginal delivery for the mother, baby, or both. In a cesarean delivery, an incision (cut) is made in the skin and into the uterus a...
Cervical Biopsy (Biopsy-Cervix, Cervical Punch Biopsy, Cone Biopsy, Conization) Procedure overview What is a cervical biopsy? A cervical biopsy is a procedure performed to remove tissue from the cervix to test for abnormal or precancerous conditions, or cervical cancer. The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb) located between the bladder and the rectum. It forms a canal that opens into the vagina, which leads to the outside of the body. Types of cervical biopsies There are several types...
Chest Ultrasound (Chest Ultrasonography, Chest Wall Ultrasonography, Chest Sonography) Procedure overview What is a chest ultrasound? A chest ultrasound is a noninvasive (the skin is not pierced) procedure used to assess the organs and structures within the chest, such as the lungs, mediastinum (area in the chest containing the heart, aorta, trachea, esophagus, thymus, and lymph nodes), and pleural space (space between the lungs and the interior wall of the chest). Ultrasound technology allows quick vis...
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Chest
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Chest (Chest CT Scan, Thoracic CT Scan, CT of the Thorax) Procedure overview Computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) is a noninvasive diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a combination of X-rays and computer technology to produce horizontal, or axial, images (often called slices) of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than standard X-rays. In standard X-rays...
Cystography (Cystourethrography, Voiding Cystography, Voiding Cystourethrography, VCUG) Procedure Overview What is cystography? Cystography is a diagnostic procedure that uses X-rays to examine the urinary bladder. Still X-ray pictures or fluoroscopy (a study of moving body structures — similar to an X-ray "movie") may be used. During cystography, contrast dye is injected into the bladder. Contrast refers to a substance taken into the body that causes the particular organ or tissue under study to be see...
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Kidney
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Kidney (Renal CT Scan) Procedure overview What is a CT or CAT scan of the kidney? Computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) is a noninvasive diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a combination of X-rays and computer technology to produce horizontal, or axial, images (often called slices) of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than standard X-rays. In standard X...
Carotid Artery Duplex Scan
Carotid Artery Duplex Scan (Carotid Ultrasound, Vascular Ultrasound Study, Carotid Artery Doppler Sonography) Procedure overview A carotid artery duplex scan is a type of vascular ultrasound study done to assess the blood flow of the arteries that supply blood from the heart through the neck to the brain. There are 2 carotid arteries, each of which divides into 2 more: the right internal and external carotid arteries and the left internal and external carotid arteries. The vertebrobasilar artery system,...
Croup What is croup? Croup is a disease that causes swelling in the airways and problems breathing. Children with croup often have a high-pitched “creaking” or whistling sound when breathing in. This is called stridor. What causes croup? Croup is most commonly caused by a virus. It is sometimes, but rarely, caused by bacteria, allergies, or reflux from the stomach. Viruses that are known to cause croup are: Parainfluenza virus Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) Influenza virus Adenovirus Enteroviruses Cr...
Chemotherapy for Children: Side Effects
Chemotherapy for Children: Side Effects Chemotherapy is one form of treatment for cancer, with some possible side effects that require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some common side effects of chemotherapy, for which we have provided a brief overview. Chemotherapy Overview Managing Alopecia Managing Mucositis Managing Bone Marrow Suppression
Common Procedures There are several common procedures that help to provide immediate care for your newborn. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Eye Prophylaxis/Vitamin K Injection Newborn Screening Tests Newborn Immunizations Childhood Immunizations Hearing Screening Tests for Newborns
Chronic Lung Disease
Chronic Lung Disease What is chronic lung disease? Chronic lung disease (CLD) is a general term for long-term respiratory problems in premature babies. It is also known as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). What causes chronic lung disease? CLD results from lung injury to newborns who must use a mechanical ventilator and extra oxygen for breathing. The lungs of newborn (and especially premature) babies are fragile and are easily damaged. With injury, the tissues inside the lungs become inflamed and can b...
Chromosomal Abnormalities There are many different types of chromosome abnormalities that require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Down Syndrome (Trisomy 21) Trisomy 18 & 13 Turner Syndrome
Caring for Babies in the NICU
Caring for Babies in the NICU Ten to 15 percent of all newborn babies require care in a NICU, and giving birth to a sick or premature baby can be quite unexpected for any parent. Unfamiliar sights, sounds, and equipment in the NICU can be overwhelming. This information is provided to help you understand some of the problems of sick and premature babies. You will also find out about some of the procedures that may be needed for the care of your baby. Warmth and Temperature Regulation Nutrition and Fluids...
Childhood Immunization Index
Childhood Immunization Index Immunizations, also called vaccinations, are a set of shots given to infants and children at different ages to help keep them from developing dangerous childhood diseases. The diseases vaccinations protect against have serious complications and can even be fatal. Making sure your child receives immunizations when scheduled is the best way to help protect your child. Listed in the directory below you will find additional information regarding several different types of immuni...
Chickenpox What is chickenpox? Chickenpox is a highly infectious disease that usually occurs during childhood. By adulthood, more than 90% of Americans have had chickenpox. Since the mid-1990s, most children have been vaccinated against the infection. The disease is caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV), a form of the herpes virus. Transmission occurs from person-to-person by direct contact or through the air by coughing or sneezing. Until 1995, chickenpox infection was a common occurrence, and alm...
Cardiomyopathy and Your Child
Cardiomyopathy and Your Child What is cardiomyopathy? Cardiomyopathy is disease of the heart muscle that reduces the heart's ability to pump blood effectively. Different kinds of cardiomyopathy cause the heart muscle to enlarge, thicken, or become stiff. Cardiomyopathy can be due to a number of causes, including viral infections and certain medications. It can also be inherited. Often, the exact cause of the muscle disease is never found. Cardiomyopathy can lead to irregular heart rhythms or heart failu...
Coarctation of the Aorta
Coarctation of the Aorta What is coarctation of the aorta? Click Image to Enlarge Coarctation of the aorta is a congenital (present at birth) heart defect involving a narrowing of the aorta. The aorta is the large artery that carries oxygen-rich (red) blood from the left ventricle to the body. It is shaped like a candy cane. The first section moves up towards the head (ascending aorta), then curves in a C-shape as smaller arteries that are attached to it carry blood to the head and arms (aortic arch). A...
Classification and Treatment of Burns
Classification and Treatment of Burns Second and third-degree burns require the immediate attention of a physician or other health care provider. Listed below you will find additional information relating to first-, second-, or third-degree burns. Classification of Burns First-Degree Burns Second-Degree Burns Third-Degree Burns
Conjunctivitis What is conjunctivitis? Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye , is an inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye. The conjunctiva is the membrane that lines the inside of the eye and also a thin membrane that covers the actual eye. What causes conjunctivitis? There are many different causes of conjunctivitis. The following are the most common causes: Bacteria, including: Staphylococcus aureus Haemophilus influenza Streptococcus pneumoniae Neisseria gonorrhea Chlamydia trachomatis Viruses...
Complications of Multiple Pregnancy
Complications of Multiple Pregnancy Why is multiple pregnancy a concern? Being pregnant with more than one baby is exciting and is often a happy event for many couples. However, multiple pregnancy has increased risks for complications. The most common complications include the following: Preterm labor and birth Over 60 percent of twins and nearly all higher-order multiples are premature (born before 37 weeks). The higher the number of fetuses in the pregnancy, the greater the risk for early birth. Prema...
Coping with the Diagnosis of Cancer
Coping with the Diagnosis of Cancer Learning that you or someone you love has cancer can make you feel that your world is being turned upside down. Everything in life may suddenly feel out of control. This is because you did not choose cancer. Your initial thoughts may be "How could this have happened to me?" and "How will I get through this?" A cancer diagnosis is shocking and overwhelming. However, the prognosis of certain cancers continues to improve and the chance of being cured continues to increas...
Coping with Prostate Cancer
Coping with Prostate Cancer A diagnosis of cancer has a profound impact on one's life, particularly in the case of prostate cancer. Listed in the directory below you will find some additional information regarding coping with prostate cancer - for those men and families affected by the disease - for which we have provided a brief overview. Psychosocial Factors For Family Members
Cosmetic Plastic Surgery Index
Cosmetic Plastic Surgery Index Many different cosmetic plastic surgery procedures require the clinical and surgical expertise of a plastic surgeon. Listed in the directory below are some (listed by their common name), for which we have provided a brief overview. Overview of Cosmetic Plastic Surgery Breast Augmentation Breast Reduction in Men With Gynecomastia Chemical Peel Chin, Cheek, or Jaw Reshaping / Facial Implants Collagen / Fat Injectable Fillers Dermabrasion / Dermaplaning Ear Pinning Eyelid Lif...
Choking and the Heimlich Maneuver
Choking and the Heimlich Maneuver Choking occurs when food or another foreign object becoming lodged in the airway. Choking prevents oxygen from getting to the lungs and the brain. Lack of oxygen to the brain for more than 4 minutes may result in brain damage or death. It is important for all people to recognize and know how to handle choking both in the home and in restaurants and other public places. The Heimlich maneuver, an emergency procedure used to treat choking victims, is responsible for saving...
Common Cold What is the common cold? The common cold is one of the most common illnesses, leading to more doctor visits and absences from school and work than any other illness annually. It is estimated that every year people in the U.S. will suffer a billion colds. Caused by a virus that inflames the membranes in the lining of the nose and throat, colds can be the result of more than 200 different viruses. However, among all of the cold viruses, the rhinoviruses and the coronaviruses cause the majority...
Cancer Treatment: Overview
Cancer Treatment: Overview There are many different methods of treating cancer. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Treatment Protocols for Cancer: Overview Surgery Radiation Therapy Chemotherapy Hormone Therapy Immunotherapy or Biological Therapy Investigational Treatment / Clinical Trials
Correcting or Improving Vision Problems
Correcting or Improving Vision Problems With today's advanced technology, there are many different approaches now available to help correct or improve a variety of vision problems. Listed below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview: Eye Glasses and Contact Lenses Corrective Eye Surgeries for Refractive Errors Low Vision Devices
Common Dermatological Procedures
Common Dermatological Procedures The skin, the largest organ of the body, helps define a person's look. Any unsightly skin appearance, such as scarring, can affect both mental and physical well-being. In addition, because the skin is on the outside of the body, it is more susceptible to growths, discolorations, and disease. Many different dermatological procedures are designed to improve the condition or appearance of the skin. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief o...
Cellulitis What is cellulitis? Cellulitis is a deep bacterial infection of the skin and soft tissue of the skin. The infection usually involves the arms and legs. It can also be seen around the eye, mouth, abdominal wall and anus. Cellulitis may happen in normal skin, but it usually occurs after some type of trauma causes an opening in your skin. This opening can lead to an infection. What is the cause of cellulitis? Cellulitis is usually caused by a bacterial infection of a wound or area of skin that i...
Cardiovascular Disease Prevention
Cardiovascular Disease Prevention It is possible to reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease - by eliminating the risk factors you can control, and managing the risk factors you cannot control. Below you will find more information on making appropriate lifestyle changes that will help to lower your risk of cardiovascular disease. Preventing Cardiovascular Disease Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease Diet and Cardiovascular Disease Components of Food Cholesterol in the Blood Calculating Calories and Fat ...
Cardiac Diagnostic Tests
Cardiac Diagnostic Tests New and advanced diagnostic tests and tools are constantly being introduced to further understand the complexity of disease, injury, and congenital (present at birth) or acquired abnormalities. The following are just a few of the diagnostic tests that have been used or are being used to further understand and identify cardiovascular disease. For more specific information, consult your cardiologist or other health care provider: Electrocardiogram (ECG). A test that records the el...
Cardiac Rehabilitation What is cardiac rehabilitation? Cardiac rehabilitation is a doctor-supervised program for people who have most kinds of heart disease. Program participants may or may not have had a heart attack or heart surgery (or other heart procedures). Cardiac rehabilitation can often improve functional capacity, reduce symptoms, and create a sense of well-being for patients. What conditions may benefit from cardiac rehabilitation? A cardiac rehabilitation program is designed to meet the need...
Common Breast Conditions
Common Breast Conditions A woman can and probably will experience a number of benign (noncancerous) breast conditions during her lifetime. In the directory below, you will find additional information on breast conditions, for which we have provided a brief overview. If you cannot find the condition in which you are interested, please visit the Breast Health Online Resources page in this website for an Internet address that may contain additional information on that topic. Mastalgia (Breast Pain) Common ...
Common Types of Arthritis and Other Rheumatic Diseases
Common Types of Arthritis and Other Rheumatic Diseases Many forms of arthritis and other rheumatic diseases require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Ankylosing Spondylitis Bursitis Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Fibromyalgia Gout Infectious Arthritis Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Low Back Pain Osteoarthritis Psoriatic Arthritis Raynaud's Phenomenon Reactive Arthritis (Reiter's Syndrome) Rheumatoid...
COPD: The Benefits of Mini-Meals
COPD: The Benefits of Mini-Meals The muscles you use to breath have to work harder because you have COPD. They use more energy so you need may need to eat more calories to supply the energy they need and to keep your muscles from becoming weaker. Ask your health care provider what your weight should be and how many calories you should eat each day. Weight loss is common in people who have COPD. You should see your health care provider if you lose more that 10 percent of your weight in six months, or mor...
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